Canada can certainly be called a unique country. This is practically the only state located in the northern hemisphere in which natural complexes have been completely preserved to this day and are located not far from large and modern cities. Ancient castles, wild forests and large cities are adjacent to each other, and this does not interfere with the people living here at all. Every year this country is visited by millions of tourists who are interested in visiting nature reserves, where nature seems to have remained completely untouched for several millennia. Those who are not attracted by the magnificent nature come here to visit large cities (Quebec, Montreal, Vancouver, etc.). Almost at any time of the year, tourists can find entertainment and interesting excursions here.
Geography of Canada
According to calculatorinc, Canada is located in the northern part of the American continent, and occupies a huge area (second largest in the world). In addition to its huge size, the state has the largest coast in the world, due to the fact that it is washed by three oceans (Pacific, Arctic, Atlantic). The southern part of the country borders on the United States, and the north goes 800 km beyond the Arctic Circle, thanks to which the climate of Canada can be considered very diverse. The Pacific coast has a rocky relief and is pushed back from the main territory of the country by powerful mountain ranges. The Atlantic coast is represented by small hilly mountains that alternate with plains. The territory that is part of the polar zone is crossed by a huge number of rivers and lakes, the relief here is low, swamps can often be found.
The area of Canada is 9,984,670 km2. sq., ranks second in the world in terms of area.
The national currency is the Canadian dollar (CAD).
The official language is English and French.
Visa to Canada
Russian tourists who are going to visit Canada must obtain a visa. To do this, you must submit documents to the consulate, which is located in Moscow. When submitting documents, you must provide evidence that you will have enough money for the trip. Supporting documents can be: a photocopy of a savings or bank book, a bank account statement or a credit card account. To obtain a Canadian visa, it is not necessary to have health insurance, but having this document will increase the chances of obtaining it. If you plan to take a child on a trip, you must have a notarized copy of the power of attorney to take the child out. The power of attorney must be from the remaining parent or both parents. Since 2010, a law has come into force according to which, Every child must have their own passport to visit Canada. Payment of the consular fee is carried out through the International Organization for Migration or a special courier service Pony Express. The temporary resident visa is valid for six months. Visa processing can take from 15 to 21 days. If an interview is required, the applicant is notified five working days in advance.
Weather in Canada
Almost the entire territory of Canada has a temperate climate, only in the northern part it is subarctic. Average temperatures vary widely from north to south. In the north, the average January temperature is -35C, and in the south +4C. The average July temperature is +4 in the northern part of the country and +21 in the south. In that part of Canada, which is located above the Arctic Circle, the temperature rarely rises above zero. The amount of precipitation also varies depending on the part of the country: in the central part, the annual rainfall is 150mm, and on the Pacific coast it can reach 2500mm. Atmospheric pressure changes frequently on the Atlantic coast. The best time to visit Canada is summer (from July to August).
Currency exchange in Canada
As of August 2011, the exchange rate is 1 USD = 0.98 SFE. You can exchange currency in banks that are open from 10.00 to 17.00, and on Friday, most banks are open until 18.00. Major banks are open until 15.00. It is best to change currency in special exchange offices, which most often work around the clock and in banks where they do not charge a commission. You can also exchange currency at airports, large hotels and railway stations. It is more profitable to change non-cash currency than cash.
110V/60Hz (American style sockets).
The majority of Canadians are Christians, of which 54% are Catholics, 42% Protestants and 3% Orthodox. Due to the wide ethnic composition, there are representatives of many other religions: Buddhists, Muslims, Jews, Hindus, and 10% of the inhabitants identify themselves as atheists.
At the moment, the security situation in the country is rather ambiguous. On the one hand, the overall crime rate in the country remains low and security on the streets of the city is strictly maintained, but the number of pickpockets is growing in parallel with the number of tourists. Therefore, to save your money, you should be as careful as possible, especially for the outskirts of Ottawa and Montreal, as well as train stations and airports. You need to keep a small amount of money with you, take all credit cards and documents with you, it’s not worth it. If you are relaxing in a natural area, then before setting up a tent for the night, it is best to ask the staff if it is safe. This applies not only to the possibility of attack by people, but also by wild animals.
Health care in Canada is one of the most developed areas, you can almost always count on getting medical care. Health care facilities are administered by each individual province. It is the province that plans the funding and oversees the fulfillment of the duties of medical institutions. If you do not want to go to a public clinic, then you can go to a private one, as there are a huge number of doctors in Canada who conduct private hospital practice. It is advisable to purchase medical insurance before traveling to Canada, so you will protect yourself from additional costs for treatment.