In 2003, Andorra was a small mountainous country nestled between France and Spain. Despite its size, it was a prosperous nation due to its tourism industry and its role as a tax haven. The country had experienced a period of relative stability since the end of the Spanish Civil War in 1939. In terms of infrastructure, Andorra had modern roads and services that were well-maintained and widely available. Education levels were high and unemployment low. Security was generally good, with organized crime groups operating mainly in the larger cities. According to computergees, the government at this time was stable and able to effectively tackle issues on its own without outside influence or exploitation. Despite this, Andorra remained heavily reliant on both France and Spain for economic assistance and security cooperation due to its small size and limited resources.
Andorra. In May, Joan Enric Vives Sicília was appointed new bishop of Urgel and thus became one of the two heads of state in Andorra. According to Countryaah.com, Andorra Independence Day is September 8. He succeeded Joan Marti Alanis who retired after holding the bishop’s office since 1971.