Bosnia and Herzegovina 2003

Bosnia and Herzegovina Border Map

In 2003, Bosnia and Herzegovina was a small Balkan nation located in southeastern Europe. It was bordered by Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro. Its economy was mainly based on agriculture, tourism, and services. Infrastructure was in need of improvement throughout the country with education levels being quite low. Unemployment had decreased since the 1990s but still remained relatively high in certain areas. According to computergees, the government at this time consisted of two entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. Foreign investment had increased significantly in recent years due to Bosnia’s favorable business climate and proximity to major markets such as Germany and Austria. Tourism also played a major role in driving economic growth due to its stunning natural scenery, vibrant culture, and abundance of cultural attractions. Sarajevo had become one of the most important cities in Eastern Europe at this time and had attracted many international businesses looking for a base of operations within the region.

Yearbook 2003

Bosnia and Herzegovina. Only in January, just over three months after the parliamentary elections in the autumn of 2002, did Bosnia and Herzegovina get a new government with Adnan Terzić as prime minister. Terzić, representative of the Muslim Nationalist SDA, became the first head of government after the Civil War, which was appointed for a four-year term.

According to, Bosnia and Herzegovina Independence Day is March 1. The Serbs’ representative in the three-part presidency, Mirko Šarović, resigned in April after being named in a scandal involving a state-owned company that sold military equipment to Iraq in violation of the UN arms embargo. Šarović was replaced by Borislav Paravac.

The work of trying to unite the divided country continued with cautious steps. At the beginning of the year, a Supreme Court and a Prosecutor’s Office were set up for all of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Later, the military in both sub-republics agreed to approach each other to try to enable future NATO membership. The former enemy armies declared themselves ready to obey a joint defense minister and commander-in-chief, and to perform in uniforms. The Bosnian authorities also decided to set up their own war crimes tribunal to try crimes committed during the 1992-95 war.

At the same time, work continued at the UN Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. At the beginning of the year, the verdict fell against former Bosnian president Biljana Plavšić. She had pleaded guilty to crimes against humanity in exchange for the charge of genocide being withdrawn. The acknowledgment and the regret she showed made the punishment relatively mild; she received eleven years in prison. In June she came to Sweden to serve her sentence under a settlement with the court. Among others convicted during the year were the Bosnian Serb doctor Milomir Stakić. crimes against humanity. He received life imprisonment, the most severe punishment so far awarded by the tribunal. Stakić was convicted of being the mayor of the ethnic cleansing plans in the district around Prijedor, as mayor.

During a visit to Sarajevo in November, Serbia and Montenegro’s President Svetozar Marović apologized to the Bosnia and Herzegovina people for apologizing for the war and for the atrocities committed by the Serbs.

In October, 78-year-old Alija Izetbegović, who was the leader of the Muslims during the war, passed away. Tens of thousands of people gathered in Sarajevo during the funeral. Izetbegović had the support of the outside world during the war, but his position became more isolated afterwards when his party SDA ran a nationalist line. After his death, the UN General Court in The Hague also revealed that he was under investigation for war crimes. The investigation was closed with his apostasy.

Bosnia and Herzegovina Border Map

Bosnia and Herzegovina Brief Guide

According to AbbreviationFinder, Bosnian food culture has been influenced by Turkey and Eastern Europe. Cabbage and meat are widely used raw materials, such as Bosanski Lonac cabbage cauldron. Between the bread is also eaten so-called. Cevapcici minced meat sticks with onion and vegetable caviar. Cevapit is made from minced pork, pork or beef. Salty as well as sweet pies and pastries are also common.

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA. – It is one of the six people’s republics of Yugoslavia, It is included among other three republics – Croatia, Montenegro. Serbia – and covers an area of ​​51,139 km 2. According to the 1948 census it had a population of 2,565,263 residents, which rose to 2,847,790 in 1953; 44% of this population is represented by Serbs, 31% by Muslims, 24% by Croats. Central Bosnia is home to the strongest Muslim nucleus in Yugoslavia: old Sarajevo has the appearance of an Islamic city.

The two main rivers originate in the mountainous median sector – the Bosna and the Vrbas – which, like the Drina and the Una, flow northwards towards the zava. On the other side, the Narenta, the Erzegòvina river, descends on the side of the Adriatic Sea, where it ends with a vast swampy delta. Large hydroelectric power plant in Jablanica.

The geographic landscape has undergone notable transformations in recent years, especially along the Bosna media. The coal mines at Kakanj, Breza and Banovići (the latter in a tributary valley), and the iron ore deposits at Foinica and Vareš, have given rise to considerable plants in the steel and mechanical industry. The grandiose factories, the narrow-gauge lines that are grafted onto the new Šamac-Sarajevo route, the continuously moving cableways, the power lines (thermal power stations in Kakanj and Zenica) put a strange and feverish note in the context of the mountains and the woods; Zenica is considered the largest Yugoslav steel center. The improvement of the communication routes, and the growing economic activity in the Bosna basin, have benefited Sarajevo, the capital of the republic: the city reached 171,000 residents in 1958. The small metropolis of the Vrbas basin (iron mines; hydroelectric plants in Jajce and Banja Luka) is Banja Luka, which already has 43,000 residents, of which 8,000 are employed in industry.