Canada 2003

Canada Border Map

In 2003, Canada was a North American nation located between the United States and the Arctic Ocean. It had a population of approximately 32 million people and its economy was mainly based on services, manufacturing, and natural resources. Infrastructure throughout the country had improved significantly since Confederation in 1867 but still lagged behind other industrialized countries. Unemployment had decreased since the 1990s but still remained relatively high due to a lack of investment in infrastructure and technology. According to computergees, the government at this time was led by Prime Minister Jean Chretien who had implemented a number of economic reforms including increased investment in infrastructure and social programs to reduce poverty. Foreign investment had increased significantly in recent years due to Canada’s favorable business climate and proximity to major markets such as the United States, Mexico, and Europe. Tourism also played a major role in driving economic growth due to its stunning landscapes, vibrant culture, and abundance of attractions such as Niagara Falls, Banff National Park, and Old Quebec City. Ottawa had become one of the most important cities in North America at this time and had attracted many international businesses looking for a base of operations within the region.

Yearbook 2003

Canada. In March, several people with lung disease became ill sars. By July, 41 people had died and over 300 suspected cases of the disease were reported in and around Toronto. The World Health Organization WHO discouraged people from traveling to the Toronto area on April 23, which drew criticism from Canadian authorities. The travel warning was canceled after six days.

In both Ontario and British Columbia, partnership laws were introduced that allow same-sex marriage since courts in the summer ruled that the existing legislation was discriminatory and contrary to the Constitution. At federal level, similar legislation was envisaged. In September, the Canadian Alliance opposition party made an effort to stop the plans, but the federal parliament voted with little margin against their motion. However, some fifty members of the government party voted in favor of the motion.

According to, Canada Independence Day is July 1. The provincial election in Quebec in March was a success for the Liberals who won on promises of better care and education and tax cuts. They thus took over the government power of Parti Québécois, which had ruled the province for nine years. The result showed that the question of independence was no longer as important as before for the people of Quebec.

In August, the federal government signed an agreement with the Indian people dogrib, which allowed limited autonomy over an area roughly the size of Switzerland in the northern part of the country. The agreement was to enter into force in 2004 but must first be ratified by Parliament.

Big cities like Toronto and Ottawa completely darkened in August in a major power outage that affected about 50 million people in both Canada and the United States. The power failure was caused by a technical fault.

In June’s New Brunswick provincial election, the ruling Progressive Conservative Party won by a small margin. The party was more successful in the election in Prince Edward Island in September when it won 23 of the 27 seats in the provincial parliament. In Ontario, the Liberals took over government power after winning 72 of the 103 seats in the October election.

Prime Minister Jean Chrétien resigned on November 14 as leader of the Liberal Party and was succeeded by former Finance Minister Paul Martin. He took over December 12 as head of government. The 65-year-old Martin belongs to the party’s right wing. want to improve relations with the United States. Chrétien had a tense relationship with US President George W. Bush and opposed the war against Iraq. Much indicated that Martin would announce new elections in April 2004.

At the end of the year, the two largest bourgeois parties, the Progressive Conservative Party and the Canadian Alliance, decided to merge under the name Canada’s Conservative Party. They hoped through this to have a better chance of defeating the Liberals in the next election.


Canada announces record-breaking stimulus package

November 30

The Liberal government announces that it will invest between 70 and 100 billion Canadian dollars over three years to boost the economy when the corona pandemic is over. The money corresponds to 3¬4 percent of Canada’s GDP. That is, says Finance Minister Chrystia Freeland, the largest stimulus package presented in Canada. This is happening at a time when the budget deficit is estimated to reach over 380 billion Canadian dollars when the current financial year ends in March. This means that the national debt is expected to rise to 1.2 trillion Canadian dollars, which corresponds to just over half of GDP, compared to just under a third of GDP in 2019. Freeland also announces several support measures to help provinces and territories get the corona pandemic under control, help to vulnerable industries and contributions to low-income and middle-class families. Figures also show that unemployment in Canada is now approaching 9 percent. Conservative leader Erin O’Toole accuses the government “of burning money to hide its incompetence”. At the same time, the country has been hit by a second wave of covid-19. In total, about 376,000 inhabitants have been infected with the disease and just over 12,000 people have died of covid-19.

Stop drug exports to the United States

November 29

Canada is increasingly banning the export of prescription drugs to the United States. The measure is being taken to ensure that there is no shortage of these drugs in Canada, something that some Canadian companies have warned about since US President Donald Trump signed a presidential order in July to allow legal imports.

Punishment for mosque shooting

26 November

Alexandre Bissonnette, who was behind the fatal shootings in a mosque in Québec City in 2017, will have his sentence reduced when the case is taken up by the Court of Appeal in Québec. He will now be able to be released on parole after 25 years, not 40 years as in the previous sentence (see February 2019) with reference to the fact that it is contrary to several sections of the Canadian Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms. Setting the limit at 40 years became possible in 2011 after the then Conservative government changed the legislation so that it would be possible to sentence more consecutive life sentences. The new ruling is so far only valid in Quebec, but if it is appealed to the Supreme Court, it could have consequences in other parts of Canada as well.

Homelessness is rising in Montreal in the wake of the corona crisis

November 22

The corona crisis has hit many residents’ economy hard. In many parts of Montreal, small tent camps have sprung up to house people who have lost their homes as they have not been able to pay the rent. Last year, the city was estimated to have about 3,000 homeless, but that number is now said to have multiplied. This has meant that all temporary housing is fully occupied, and despite the fact that the authorities have pushed for new money but not enough. The corona crisis has hit many residents’ economy hard. In many places in Montreal, small tent camps have sprung up to house people who have lost their homes as they have not been able to pay the rent. Last year, the city was estimated to have about 3,000 homeless, but that number is now said to have multiplied. This has meant that all temporary housing is fully occupied, and despite the fact that the authorities have invested more resources, it is not enough. Some of those who live in tents choose to do so because they are afraid of being infected by covid-19 in dormitories. Some of those who live in tents choose to do so because they are afraid of being infected by covid-19 in dormitories. In early December, one of the camps is evacuated for security reasons, after a small fire broke out.

The UK and Canada continue to trade under EU rules

November 22

The United Kingdom and Canada agree to continue trading with each other after the turn of the year in accordance with the rules that now apply between Canada and the EU. The countries’ prime ministers say that negotiations on a new trade agreement will begin in 2021.

Toronto is closed for 28 days

November 21st

The city of Toronto with suburbs will be closed for 28 days from November 23, in order to combat the ongoing corona pandemic. All private events are prohibited, people are allowed to meet no more than ten at a time outdoors, the same restriction applies to baptisms, weddings and funerals, gyms, the hairdressing salon and casinos are closed and restaurants are only allowed to offer takeaway food. Ontario, where Toronto is located, has now had over 100,000 cases of covid-19. Across Canada, more than 317,000 cases of the disease have been reported, and more than 11,200 people have died of covid-19.

Bills promise carbon neutrality from 2050

20th of November

The Canadian government is presenting a bill that will enable Canada to be carbon neutral from 2050. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau says it is an ambitious goal, but that it is possible to get there. The bill obliges the government to set up five-year plans for emission reductions, which must then be reconciled regularly. Parts of the opposition accuse the government of laying out smoke curtains, as it has failed to meet previous targets for emission reductions and that no concrete measures are presented. According to the latest figures, emissions increased by 2 percent between 2017 and 2018.

Harsh criticism of the police in a new report

November 19

The Canadian Federal Police has a culture of misogyny and homophobia. That, according to a report written by Michel Bastarache, a former Supreme Court judge who investigated 3,000 complaints against police. It’s about everything from sexual abuse to distasteful jokes and paws. Bastarache says he is shocked by what he has heard and recommends that the police find out if new recruits have made racist, homophobic or misogynistic statements before they are admitted to police training.

Trudeau urges tightening to combat covid-19

November 13

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau urges all residents to make a greater effort to reduce the spread of covid-19 in Canada. This is happening since the number of infections has increased rapidly in the country. On November 12 alone, nearly 5,000 new cases of covid-19 and 83 new deaths from the disease were reported. He also warns that the resources available to the state to fight the pandemic are shrinking. Canada has so far had about 285,000 reported cases of covid-19 and nearly 11,000 people have died from the disease.

Easier for Hong Kong students to come to Canada

November 12

Immigration Minister Marco Mendicino promises to make it easier for Hong Kong students to come to the country, and for those already in place to stay. Those who have graduated must be able to obtain a work permit for three years in Canada. those who have worked for at least one year must be able to apply for a permanent residence permit and the opportunity to receive family members. This comes after an increasing number of Chinese attacks on the opposition in Hong Kong.

Canada Border Map

Canada Brief Guide

According to AbbreviationFinder, Canada is a North American Commonwealth federation bordering the United States to the south and northwest. To the east, Canada is bordered by the Atlantic, to the west by the Pacific, and to the north by the Arctic Ocean.

Food and drink
Canadian cuisine varies by region. As a rule, traditional English-speaking Canadian cuisine is very similar to British and American cuisine, while French-speaking Canadian cuisine is more based on French cuisine. The season of the season is utilized in the food culture. A healthy diet is typical of Canadians. Lots of cod, lobster and chionoecetes are eaten near the sea. Frenchness is evident in Quebec’s food culture, the state is also the world’s largest producer of maple syrup. Ontario is Canada in miniature, and combines food from many different regions. Alberta produces most of Canada’s beef. Manitoba has Eastern European influences and has been accompanied by sausages and pierogs (cooked pies). The cuisine of the natives is unique, and the Inuts, for example, have several more exotic dishes, such as maktaag made of whale skin. Traditional Canadian food ingredients include rowanberry, blueberry, caribou, salmon, maple syrup, and local beers, wines and cheeses. Tap water is drinkable in several cities.