Sights in Sikkim

Sights in Sikkim

Sikkim is almost unknown as a travel destination and only a few know anything about the small mountain state measuring around 7,300 square kilometers in the east of the Himalayas, which borders the Indian West Bengal, Nepal, Tibet and the Kingdom of Bhutan. Even if the area is not particularly large, the nature and culture of Sikkim still allow holidays with many different impressions – not least because the mountain…

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Prambanan Hindu Temple (World Heritage)

Prambanan Hindu Temple (World Heritage)

The temple complex on Java was built in the 10th century. It is the largest temple complex dedicated to Shiva in Indonesia. The complex consists of eight main temples and around 250 smaller temples. The high and pointed shape of the various buildings is characteristic. The facility was destroyed by a severe earthquake in the 16th century and has been rebuilt since 1918. Prambanan Hindu Temple: Facts Official title: Prambanan…

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Shopping in India

Shopping in India

DUTY-FREE SHOPPING Overview The following articles may be imported into India duty-free (people aged 17 and over) if they do not enter via Nepal: 100 cigarettes or 25 cigars or 125 grams of tobacco; 2 l spirits; a laptop; Personal use items and gifts up to a value of Rs 8,000; other amounts for citizens of India, Bhutan, Nepal and Pakistan depending on the country and length of stay. High-quality…

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ILO – International Labor Organization

ILO - International Labor Organization

The structure The ILO consists of three different parts: the International Labor Conference, the Board and the International Labor Office. All have a unique three-tier structure for the ILO, with each Member State represented by representatives of the government, employers and workers. The International Labor Conference is the ILO’s highest decision – making body, which, among other things, adopts conventions and recommendations and approves the budget. The Labor Conference meets…

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World Bank History

World Bank History

The emergence The World Bank lends money and provides technical support to developing countries, with the aim of helping them reduce poverty. According to computergees, the World Bank is a collective name for two institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). The guidelines for the IBRD were drawn up at the Bretton Woods Conference in July 1944. The main purpose of the…

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The 10 largest sandy deserts in the world

the Rub al-Chali

The sandy desert conveys to the viewer the typical image of a desert, which consists of sand and sand dunes and in which, of course, the sun shines relentlessly from a cloudless sky. Only about 20% of all deserts on earth consist of fine quartz sand, which has shaped our image of a desert in so many films and documentaries. Here are the ten largest sandy deserts in the world…

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The 10 largest cities in China

Sichuan city of Chengdu

The 10 largest cities in China together have more inhabitants than Germany, Austria and Switzerland as a whole. Some of these giant Chinese cities, like Beijing and Shanghai, are world famous, while most Europeans may not even be known by name. What the top cities in China have in common is that they can guarantee you unforgettable impressions of vibrant communities when you visit them. Shanghai (Shanghai) With around 23…

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The Spectrum of Cambodia Parties

Cambodia political issues

After the parliamentary elections in 2013, Cambodia had developed from a multi-party to a two-party system, but is now de facto a one-party system. According to, the Cambodian People’s Party (CPP), which was founded in June 2015 by Hun Sen after the death of long-time party president Chea Simhas ruled the country since 1979 and dominates Cambodia’s politics more than ever. The CPP derives its legitimacy primarily from its…

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Chinese pearls

Chinese pearls

On this trip you get to experience the real gems of China! We begin the journey in the world city of Beijing, where we see, among other things, the Forbidden City, the Temple of Heaven, the Summer Palace and the impressive Great Wall of China. Then we continue to the ancient imperial city of Xi’an, where we see the beautiful Wild Goose Pagoda, as well as the world’s eighth wonder,…

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Hotels in South Korea

Andong Richell Hotel

Andong Richell Hotel Andong As a luxury space well harmonized with the nature, tradition, and the present Located in Andong, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Richell Hotel thinks of its customers as a family and offers the best service that is more luxurious and sophisticated than existing hotel services,We are doing our best to realize customer impressions. The rooms of the Richell Hotel are designed to meet the needs of the guests and the…

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Travel With Family in Krabi

Eating in Thailand

Krabi is one of Thailand’s best destinations for families and is suitable for both families with children and those with teenage offspring. Krabi, especially Ao Nang, is a popular place to spend a holiday, but there are other good areas like Noppharat Thara and Railay. The city of Krabi is an absolute place to shop, go for a meal and explore its seafront promenade, from where you can also take…

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Yemen 2003

Yemen Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Yemen. According to, Yemen Independence Day is November 30. The governing party of the General People’s Congress passed from 187 to 238 seats in the parliamentary elections on April 27. The largest opposition party, the Islamist Yemeni Reform Alliance (al-Islah) took 46 of the House’s 301 seats. The turnout was 76%. Seven people were killed in fire fighting in connection with the election. The opposition accused the…

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Vietnam 2003

Vietnam Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Vietnam. According to, Vietnam Independence Day is September 2. A mass trial was held during the year in Hô Chi Minh City against 155 people, especially from the lower world of Vietnam. Among the defendants were the infamous Mafia leader Truong Văn Cam, aka Nam Cam, but also previously high ranking media, police, judiciary and the ruling Communist Party. The trial began in February, and a month…

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Uzbekistan 2003

Uzbekistan Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Uzbekistan. According to, Uzbekistan Independence Day is September 1. The World Bank declared in a report during the year that living standards and economic growth in Uzbekistan were poorer than in almost all other countries of the former Soviet Union. The bank urged Uzbekistan to remove trade barriers, phase out central planning and create a business-friendly economic climate. During the year, Uzbekistan implemented some liberalizations, including a…

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United Arab Emirates 2003

United Arab Emirates Border Map

Yearbook 2003 United Arab Emirates. According to, United Arab Emirates Independence Day is December 2. The new TV channel al-Arabiyya began broadcasting in February from the United Arab Emirates in an attempt to compete with the Qatar-based al-Jazira on Arab viewers. al-Arabiyya also became a frequently cited source during and after the US war in Iraq. Sheikh Saqr ibn Muhammad al-Qasimi, emir of the emirate Ras al-Khayma, in June…

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Turkmenistan 2003

Turkmenistan Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Turkmenistan. In January, 46 people were sentenced to prison sentences accused of trying to assassinate President Saparmurat Nijazov the year before. The trial was held behind closed doors and followed for several weeks by arrests and recognitions in front of TV cameras. Just before the turn of the year, the former Foreign Minister and later opposition leader Boris Sjichmuradov had been sentenced to life imprisonment accused of participation…

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Turkey 2003

Turkey Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Turkey. Parliament decided during the year on comprehensive democratic reforms, most of which were devoted to satisfying the EU’s requirements for opening membership negotiations with the country. According to, Turkey Independence Day is October 29. The way was prepared for schooling and broadcast media in Kurdish, it became possible to redo trials rejected by the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) and revised the current legal definition…

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Thailand 2003

Thailand Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Thailand. In January, around 700 Thais were evacuated from Cambodia since Thai anti-aircraft riots erupted there. A number of Thai companies were vandalized at an estimated cost of up to SEK 200 million. According to, Thailand Independence Day is December 5. The reason for the Cambodians’ anger towards the neighboring country was a Thai actor’s careless statement that the Cambodian national clan, the Angkor Vat Temple, was…

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Tajikistan 2003

Tajikistan Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Tajikistan. According to, Tajikistan Independence Day is September 9. Russian President Vladimir Putin visited Tajikistan in April, explaining that Moscow wanted to increase its military presence in the country, to which President Imomali Rachmonov was positive. Putin said he had information on increased activity from Taliban and al-Qa’ida supporters in Afghanistan. Russia has 19,000 soldiers in Tajikistan and 11,000 of them patrol the border with Afghanistan, where…

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Taiwan 2003

Taiwan Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Taiwan. According to, Republic of China/Taiwan Independence Day is October 10. The relationship with China, which regards Taiwan as a breakaway republic, remained tense even though the ties were made between the countries. In January, China Airlines made its first flight from Taiwan to China since 1949, when the Communist Party took power in China. On board the plane, which flew via Hong Kong because direct flights…

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Syria 2003

Syria Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Syria. After the parliamentary elections March 2-3, the distribution of seats remained unchanged. The Bath Party and its six allies in the National Progressive Front received 167 of the 250 seats. Other mandates went to independent candidates. According to, Syria Independence Day is April 17. The turnout was 64%. On September 10, President Bashar al-Asad appointed Parliament’s President Muhammad Naji al-Otari as new Prime Minister. He replaced…

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Sri Lanka 2003

Sri Lanka Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Sri Lanka. Despite occasional violations of the ceasefire, there was strong optimism that the peace process initiated in 2002 would result in a lasting peace agreement between the government and the Tamil guerrilla Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). In March, however, the negotiations began to harden after the Navy had sunk one of the guerrillas. After promises of increased Japanese financial assistance and expanded Scandinavian surveillance of…

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South Korea 2003

South Korea Border Map

Yearbook 2003 South Korea. On February 25, 56-year-old Roh Moo Hyun of the New Millennium Democratic Party (MDP) was installed as South Korea’s youngest president to date. He had defeated the opposition candidate from the opposition Great National Party (GNP) in the December 2002 presidential election. Roh, who comes from poor conditions, had previously made himself known as a democracy advocate and human rights lawyer. According to, South Korea…

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Singapore 2003

Singapore Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Singapore. In the spring, Singapore was affected by the infectious disease SARs, which spread rapidly in several East and Southeast Asian countries. The virus was believed to have reached the country in April via an air hostess infected in Hong Kong. When the World Health Organization WHO in May removed Singapore from the list of countries where the epidemic was classified as acute, 31 people had died of…

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Saudi Arabia 2003

Saudi Arabia Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Saudi Arabia. According to, Saudi Arabia Independence Day is September 23. 35 people, including nine suicide bombers, were killed on May 12 in Riyadh by three coordinated suicide attacks against a residential area where most of the residents were Westerners. Among the dead, besides Saudis, there were 13 Americans, a British, a Filipino and an Irishman. The police launched an intensive hunt for militant Islamists in Riyadh,…

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Russia 2003

Russia Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Russian Federation. According to, Russia Independence Day is June 12. The US-led war against Iraq presented the Russian Federation with a foreign policy dilemma at the beginning of the year. President Vladimir Putin, on the one hand, tried to guard the relationship with the United States by supporting colleague George W. Bush’s view that Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction threaten world peace. On the other hand, Putin…

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Qatar 2003

Qatar Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Qatar. According to, Qatar Independence Day is December 18. A full 96.6% of voters voted on 29 April for the country’s first constitution, which stated that an advisory parliament should be established. Thirty of the 45 members of Parliament will be elected by universal suffrage, with female suffrage, while the rest will be elected by the country’s emir. The Emir announced on August 5 that his eldest…

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Philippines 2003

Philippines Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Philippines. At the beginning of the year, Parliament passed new legislation allowing the millions of Filipinos working abroad to vote in the upcoming presidential and parliamentary elections. According to, Philippines Independence Day is June 12. The island of Mindanao in the southern Philippines was shaken during the year by several terrorist attacks suspected by Islamist groups. In March, at least 20 people were killed and hundreds injured…

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Pakistan 2003

Pakistan Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Pakistan. In an already very tense situation between Pakistan and neighboring India, the Pakistani ambassador from New Delhi was expelled in February, after the Indian government accused him of transferring money to Kashmiri guerrillas. According to, Pakistan Independence Day is August 14. Pakistan responded by expelling India’s envoy in Islamabad. At the same time, the race between the two rivals continued. Two new medium-range robots with the…

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Oman 2003

Oman Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Oman. According to, Oman Independence Day is November 18. Sultan Qabus ibn Said on March 3 appointed Shaykha Aisha bint Khalfan ibn Jamil as-Siyabiyya as head of the newly established authority for traditional crafts. The post was described as a ministerial post and as-Siyabiyya thus became Oman’s first female minister. Land area 309,500 km² Total population 4,664,844 Residents per km² 15.1 Capital Muscat Official language Arabic Income…

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North Korea 2003

North Korea Border Map

Yearbook 2003 North Korea. According to, North Korea Independence Day is August 15. The tours around North Korea’s nuclear weapons program continued during the year. In October of the previous year, the regime in Pyongyang acknowledged that such a program existed in the country. In January, North Korea withdrew with immediate effect from the 1970 Non-Proliferation Treaty against the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the world. Then the country…

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Nepal 2003

Nepal Border Map

Nepal and the capital, Kathmandu, evoke strong images of small villages on the slopes of the Himalayas in the shadow of the world’s highest snow peaks, temples dedicated to the city’s countless Hindu deities, or Tibetan Buddhist prayer mills revolving along hiking trails. Yearbook 2003 Nepal. A hope of an end to the seven-year civil war was raised in January, when the government and the Maoist guerrillas entered into a…

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Myanmar 2003

Myanmar Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Burma. Ten members of the opposition party National Democratic Alliance (NLD) were sentenced in May to prison for up to 28 years for organizing protest actions against the military junta and cooperating with underground resistance groups. A few days later, NLD leader Aung San Suu Kyi was arrested after riots erupted when she visited northern Burma. According to the junta, the opposition leader was responsible for the riots,…

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Mongolia 2003

Mongolia Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Mongolia. According to, Mongolia Independence Day is December 29. A disputed land privatization law came into force on May 1. More than 12 million hectares of state-owned land will be sold until June 2005. Nearly 40% of the country’s households applied for land, but thousands of families claimed that the privatization risked driving them off the farm because they were too poor to be able to buy…

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Maldives 2003

Maldives Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Maldives. Violent rioting broke out in the capital Male in September following the news that two prisoners were killed in a riot on a prison island. According to, Maldives Independence Day is July 26. The prisoner revolt was said to have taken place in protest of the harsh treatment at the prison, including torture. During the unrest in Male, protesters set fire to several buildings, including government…

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Malaysia 2003

Malaysia Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Malaysia. According to, Malaysia Independence Day is August 31. Malaysia leader Mahathir bin Mohamad, who has dominated the country’s politics for 22 years, resigned as prime minister and finance minister on October 31. Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi succeeded him in both positions. Badawi has received the epithets “Mr Clean” and “Mr. Nice Guy” and is considered to be close to Mahathir. Mahathir played a major…

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Lebanon 2003

Lebanon Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Lebanon. After intense contradictions within the government on how to handle the country’s economic crisis, Prime Minister Rafiq al-Hariri demanded resignation on April 15. However, President Emile Lahoud commissioned him to form a new government. The new government, presented April 17, was considered the most Syria-friendly in a long time. After almost a year of relatively calm, several clashes occurred during the late summer and autumn. Israeli military…

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Laos 2003

Laos Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Laos. During the year, rebels from the ethnic minority, hmong, continued a low-intensity armed uprising against the communist regime in Laos. At least three armed assaults on buses in the north of the country were carried out. In all cases, several people died. According to, Laos Independence Day is May 11. The police stated that they were not “terrorists”, but independent judges directed the suspicions against the…

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Kyrgyzstan 2003

Kyrgyzstan Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Kyrgyzstan. In a controversial referendum in February, voters had to decide whether President Askar Akajev would remain until the end of his term of office in 2005. According to official results, 77% answered yes. The opposition had demanded Akajev’s departure after violent political unrest in 2002. According to, Kyrgyzstan Independence Day is August 31. The referendum also applied to constitutional amendments, among other things. conversion of Parliament…

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Kuwait 2003

Kuwait Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Kuwait. According to, Kuwait Independence Day is February 25. The election to Parliament’s 50 seats on July 5 was a setback for the liberal forces, which received only 3 seats. Regime-friendly candidates went from 12 to 14 mandates and Islamists from 20 to 21. Of K’s residents, only 15% have the right to vote. After the election, the country’s emir appointed his brother, the sitting foreign minister…

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Kazakhstan 2003

Kazakhstan Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Kazakhstan. According to, Kazakhstan Independence Day is December 16. Regime-critical journalist Sergei Duvanov was sentenced in January to three and a half years in prison for raping a young girl. Duvanov denied the crime, claiming the verdict was political. President Nursultan Nazarbayev declared before the verdict that Duvanov was guilty and should not be released. In February, the Minister of Energy announced that Kazakhstan plans to build…

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Jordan 2003

Jordan Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Jordan. According to, Jordan Independence Day is May 25. The war in Iraq in March – April meant a difficult balancing act for the US-dependent Jordan, where the population’s sympathies were largely with Iraq. The government granted Jordanian land to US missile defense systems while granting asylum to Saddam Hussein’s two daughters and their nine children. In the June 17 parliamentary elections, independent candidates loyal to King…

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Japan 2003

Japan Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Japan. A brightening during the year seemed to be felt for Japan’s economy. Growth was reported in December to be 2% on an annual basis. Deflation was stopped and unemployment was stable at around 5%. The country retained its position as the world’s second largest economy after the United States. But ten years of slowing down has still kept Japan in a lull. However, the banks were still…

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Israel 2003

Israel Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Israel. In the January 28 parliamentary elections, Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and his Conservative party Likud stepped forward strongly and received 37 of the 120 seats in the Knesset (Parliament). Sharon had gone to election with a bold message that Israel sooner or later must accept a Palestinian state. Extended government negotiations followed with the other eleven parties that were awarded seats in the Knesset. The Labor Party,…

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Iraq 2003

Iraq Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Iraq. According to, Iraq Independence Day is October 3. 2003 was the year when the Iraqi Bath regime fell and its leader Saddam Hussein was arrested by US troops. On March 20, the United States, with the support of the United Kingdom, launched a war against Iraq. The aim was to clear the country from weapons of mass destruction, to liberate its people and to oust leader…

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Iran 2003

Iran Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Iran. At least 30,000 people were killed in the earthquake that shook the city of Bam in southern Iran. December 26. Bam, which with its surrounding area had about 200,000 residents, was a historic city, and about 90% of the buildings in the city collapsed during the earthquake, which measured 6.7 on the Richter scale. According to, Iran Independence Day is April 1. Rescuers from some 40…

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Indonesia 2003

Indonesia Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Indonesia. Following the terrorist attack in Bali in October 2002, which killed 202 people, including six Swedes, the investigation soon pointed to the organization Jemaa Islamiyya (JI), which was believed to have links to the al-Qaeda terror network. About thirty people were arrested and brought to trial. According to, Indonesia Independence Day is August 17. Three of the leaders were sentenced to death: 33-year-old Abdul Aziz, known…

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India 2003

India Border Map

Yearbook 2003 India. During a visit by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee in China, several agreements were signed that marked an improvement in relations between the two Asian powers. Among other things, they entered into an agreement on increased scientific and technical cooperation and joint projects for water and energy supply. India at the same time acknowledged China’s supremacy over Tibet, while China indirectly reaffirmed I’s sovereignty over Sikkim. According…

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Georgia 2003

Georgia Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Georgia. According to, Georgia Independence Day is April 9. Georgia underwent a bloody revolution during the year, when President Eduard Shevardnadze was forced to resign and the opposition took power. The upheaval followed the November parliamentary elections, which became chaotic with accusations against the government about electoral fraud. The charges were supported by foreign observers. The opposition refused to accept the official result that gave the victory…

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East Timor 2003

East Timor Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Timor. According to, East Timor Independence Day is May 20. The UN-backed war crimes court has charged several high-ranking representatives of the Indonesian army and administration in East Timor at the time of the 1999 referendum on independence. However, the prospect of getting some extradited was considered small, and President Xanana Gusmão criticized the charges for unnecessarily jeopardizing the now good neighborly relations with Indonesia. At the…

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