Salamanca, Castile-Leon (Spain)

Salamanca, Castile-Leon (Spain)

According to Citypopulationreview, Salamanca is located in the western part of Spain. The city is located 212 km northwest of Madrid and is the capital of the province of the same name. Even before our era, a Celtic settlement was located on the site of the modern city. Under the Romans, Salamanca became one of the key points of the famous “Silver Road” – the road that connected the southern…

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Sightseeing in Rostov-on-Don, Russia

Sightseeing in Rostov-on-Don, Russia

To the south of Rostov-on-Don, 15 km from it is the city of Bataysk. It is famous for its History Museum. The museum contains exhibits from the times of the Civil and Great Patriotic Wars, the memorial Wall of Memory, on which the names of the Batayians who died during the Great Patriotic War are immortalized, as well as exhibits dedicated to ethnography. According to Allcitycodes, 35 km west of…

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General Information About Montenegro

General Information About Montenegro

According to Themakeupexplorer, Montenegro is a country of natural beauty and amazing contrasts. As George Gordon Byron said: “At the moment of the birth of our planet, the most beautiful meeting of land and sea took place in Montenegro. When the pearls of nature were sown, a whole handful fell on this land.” Montenegro is a state in southeastern Europe, located on the Balkan Peninsula on the Adriatic Sea. Montenegro…

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Holidays in Turkey

Holidays in Turkey

Is it worth vacationing in Turkey? Turkey is a country especially loved by Russian tourists. Here everyone will find something to their liking, but before going here, it is worth considering the advantages and disadvantages of this direction. Advantages Recreation is quite cheap; Many hotels with the All Inclusive system, which allows you not to strain during your vacation; Russian tourists are loved here, in many hotels the staff is…

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Resorts of Turkey

Turkish beaches

Resorts of Turkey Alanya The southern resort of Turkey, located between the sea and the mountains. There are a lot of banana plantations, tangerine and orange trees, as well as long sandy beaches and beautiful sprawling palm trees. Andyeducation: Introduction to education system in Turkey, including compulsory schooling and higher education. Antalya Tourists love this young resort for its proximity to the airport. Hotels here are similar to city hotels,…

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Greece Attractions

The Nestos River

Athens As the most populous and largest city in Greece, Athens is the hub of the region. Next to the Acropolis and the numerous temples and theaters, the Archaeological Museum is the most visited museum in the city. On a tour of Athens, you can reach the Tower of the Winds and Hadrian’s Library from the former old town of Plaka. Another beautiful panoramic view of the city is offered…

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Tours in Russia

Goryachiy Klyuch Russia

The tour operator invites you to make a trip to Russia – a country of amazing natural beauty, rich history and hospitable hospitality. The hotels and services offered by us in Russia are of the highest quality (5* and 4* level). These are the ski resorts of Krasnaya Polyana, hotels on the coast of Sochi and resorts in the Krasnodar Territory, eco hotels in the Altai Territory. We are ready…

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Latvia Literature in the 1940’s

Latvia Literature in the 1940's

The decade 1930-40 recorded a fruitful and happy development of Latvian literature, due in part, as regards the education of young people, to the literary magazine Daugava, edited by Jānis Grīns. Among prose writers who grew up before the war, Kārlis Zariṇš stands out for his powerful realistic invention, balanced composition and sober style of his stories. After the internal changes in the state structure of Latvia, i.e. after 1934,…

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Iceland Language

Iceland Language

The Icelandic language belongs to the group of Germanic languages ​​(see Germanic, peoples: Languages) and is precisely the continuation of the western Nordic dialect, imported to the island by the Norwegian settlers who came to populate it in the last thirty years of the century. IX and in the first decades of the following. Old Icelandic has in common with Old Norse the characteristics that distinguish Western North from Eastern…

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France Agriculture Part II

France Agriculture 2

According to Zipcodesexplorer, France ranks first among wine producing countries around the world. The vine thrives there in numerous departments up to a limit line that could be traced from Saint-Nazaire to Mézières to Paris. Due to excessive humidity, it is lacking in Brittany, Normandy and Picardy, while its favorite domain is the Mediterranean region and mainly Roussillon and Lower Languedoc, where it thrives in the most diverse soils: in…

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France Agriculture Part I

France Agriculture 1

France has always been and is still today a more agricultural than industrial region. Although there are fewer and fewer peasants out of the total population (75% in 1850, 38.3% in 1926), only a tenth of the country’s surface is not cultivated. Land ownership is very divided: the owners themselves cultivate 60% of the area under cultivation, leaving the tenants 27% and the settlers 13%. Small plots are therefore the…

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France and Italy

France and Italy

In France there was very early knowledge of the renewal that was taking place beyond the Alps. Since 1454 the painter Jean Fouquet has been in Rome, where he also painted a portrait of Eugene IV. He especially fell in love with the new architectural decorations and adorned many scenes of his miniatures (Heures d’Étienne chevalier, Chantilly; portrait of Juvenal des Ursins, Louvre). The French prelates to the Holy See…

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France Literature Part IV

France Literature 04

To Blanchot, to Bataille, as to M. Leiris (born in 1901) or to Céline, who experienced a new success in the 1950s (see in this App.), And therefore to the more distant experiences of Sade, Lautréamont, Kafka, by Joyce, by Proust himself (for the technique of the interior monologue), some of the newest and most original novelists of the latter period are based, from M. Duras and P. Klossowski, to…

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France Literature Part III

France Literature 03

According to Softwareleverage, the traditional novel, which still follows the thread of a chronological narrative and the tested conventions of “intrigue”, albeit already with a different awareness of linguistic tools, of objective representation, and of the literary “function” itself, have also addressed numerous writers of the post-war generation, and of recent years, without however reaching original results, or of “renewal in tradition”, if anything with an illusory out-of-time revival of…

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France Literature Part II

France Literature 02

But it is certainly in the philosophy of the 1960s that these various influences find their point of convergence, with a clearer configuration of the phenomenon, also due to a sensational controversy which itself constitutes an important literary fact, and far transcends the terms of the question.. Already in 1957 J. Pommier, a professor at the Sorbonne, had severely criticized Barthes’s Michelet par lui-même (1954) and Richard’s essay on Baudelaire, collected in…

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France Literature Part I

France Literature 01

According to Shopareview, the most conspicuous and most significant phenomenon in French literature of the last fifteen years is undoubtedly the “nouvelle critique”. Not only has literary criticism as never before enjoyed a robust and aggressive health as in this period, but it has managed to condition or bring out with more incisive evidence the metamorphoses and a new concept of literature, with essential modifications of terms, structures, expression. It…

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France History – The Second Empire Part IV

France History - The Second Empire 4

Eventually the Olivier tendency prevailed, and through a series of reforms implemented between 1867 and 1870 the constitution of the empire was changed in a distinctly liberal-parliamentary sense. The transformation carried out was sanctioned on 8 May 1870 by an imposing popular plebiscite: seven and a half million votes in favor against one and a half million opponents. According to Programingplease, the consensus of the huge majority of the population…

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France History – The Second Empire Part III

France History - The Second Empire 3

The great political crisis that began with the Plombières agreements in the summer of 1858 and ended in the spring of 1861 with the proclamation of the kingdom of Italy, allowed Napoleon to agitate in front of public opinion, at the end of the first decade of his personal regime, the result of reaching the natural borders on the Alps, that is, an increase in territory and power and at…

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France History – The Second Empire Part II

France History - The Second Empire 2

According to Physicscat, the first emergence of such a policy took place during the presidency, when Napoleon thought he could take advantage of the Austro-Prussian dissension over Germanic problems to try to get closer to Prussia, in view of an anti-Austrian action. The capitulation of the Hohenzollerns before the Habsburgs, sanctioned with the humiliation of Olmütz (December 1850), halted the development of the attempt and pushed Napoleonic politics to the…

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France History – The Second Empire Part I

France History - The Second Empire 1

The regime that Louis Napoleon had established, recalling the orders of Napoleon I to life, was to last until September 1870, although it changed in the last period in the sense of the progressive loosening of the brakes and the progressive attenuation of authoritarianism, up to approaching liberal forms. Like that of the first Napoleon, the regime of Napoleon III, very strong in the first phase, had to weaken due…

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France History – The July Monarchy Part III

France History - The July Monarchy 3

The government practice in which the sovereign and the minister agreed from 1840 onwards consisted of a sort of hoarding the majority of the electors and elected representatives, through offers of offices, favors, compensation, associated with prudent systems of pressure.. The method was easy due to the relative scarcity of the electoral body (never exceeding 240 thousand elements), which could easily be influenced by the prefects and government officials for…

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France History – The July Monarchy Part II

France History - The July Monarchy 2

Thus the July monarchy broke the danger of international isolation, which was a great advantage, even if it was paid with the necessary sacrifices to capture England: the suspension of the development of the Algerian enterprise, and the refusal of the Belgian throne, offered in a first time to a son of Louis Philippe. finding justification also in the affinities between the forms of government of the two countries: a…

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France History – The July Monarchy Part I

France History - The July Monarchy 1

Louis Philippe officially took possession of the throne on 9 August 1830, after having accepted and sworn the Charter in which the chamber, which Charles X had tried to dissolve, had introduced important and characteristic modifications: the suppression of inheritance for peers, the ‘lowering of the electoral census to 200 francs, the adoption of the tricolor and the formula “King of the French” to define the new sovereign, whose authority…

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France History – The Battle of May to June 1940 Part III

France History - The Battle of May to June 1940 3

According to Neovideogames, the new German attack was launched on the morning of June 5, against the so-called “Weygand line” or “of the three rivers”; that is, the new line that the French generalissimo had had to set up in a few days along the Somme, the Oise and the Aisne. The main lines of the new attack were: one on the average Somme, that is in the region of…

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France History – The Battle of May to June 1940 Part II

France History - The Battle of May to June 1940 2

The German command, in short, after having managed to attract large allied forces towards the north-east, having identified the weak point of the opposing armor in correspondence with the stretch where the Maginot line joined the lines of dubious resistance that extended it to the sea, had vibrated there his hammer blow, managing to overwhelm the French defense and thus obtaining that in little more than a week from the…

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France History – The Battle of May to June 1940 Part I

France History - The Battle of May to June 1940 1

On the eve of May 10, 1940, the German army in its offensive array against the Allies was divided into three groups of armies. By far the most efficient forces were naturally mobilized in areas where the OKW had decided to fight its decisive maneuvering battle. Therefore, since against Maginot, where the enemy was fearfully barricaded, nothing conclusive could be achieved, Hitler had established that the group of armies “C”…

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France Geological Evolution Part III

France Geological Evolution 3

Such folds in the French Alps spread to the west, and in the Pyrenees, on the other hand, to the north. In the latter the carriageways are apparently almost finished with the middle Paleogenic. In the Eastern Pyrenees the chain was broken up by subsidence, and the ancient folds were leveled over high areas. The remains of the Pyrenees attacked by erosion actually formed most of the soil of Aquitaine,…

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France Geological Evolution Part II

France Geological Evolution 2

In the Cretaceous period, the difference between the Hercinian area and the Alpine area became clearer, on which the folds that prepare those of the Tertiary already appear. The Wealdian, with its clays and its continental or coastal sands, indicates an emergence in the Paris Basin, while in the Jura, during the Lower Cretaceous, zoogenic limestones are still formed and in the Alps muddy limestones of deep sea are deposited…

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France Geological Evolution Part I

France Geological Evolution 1

According to Hyperrestaurant, the great orogenic movements of the Hercinian era affected the entire French territory. In the Alps and also in the Pyrenees there are evident traces even of bending of the Carbonic, accompanied by metamorphism and by injections of eruptive magma. A small carboniferous basin has been preserved in the Alps (La Mure), and of others remains are observed in the Eastern Pyrenees. The Hercinian hoof exists deep…

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France Folklore Part III

France Folklore 3

A section of folklore that has not yet been thoroughly studied is that of popular games for adults and children. Historically this study is based on the long list of Rabelais, who in the Pantagruel enumerates the games with which the boy Gargantua played. Medieval documents also allow us to ascertain that certain games still in use were already known in the century. XII, e.g. that of the soule (leather ball filled with bran),…

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France Folklore Part II

France Folklore 2

Popular jewels do not present, for the most part, originality: sometimes the persistence of the Merovingian technique is noted; but for the most part, as a form, they depend on the Italian Renaissance. On the other hand, except for the silver ones, made in the villages, they were bought in the cities, where the workers were influenced by the large centers. Another part of clothing that once presented great variety…

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France Folklore Part I

France Folklore 1

As far as popular literature is concerned, fairy tales – after the Contes del Perrault which, in the century XVII, marked the beginning of all such collections – they greatly interested the public during the whole century. XVIII; but only in the following, under the influence of the Celtic movement and romanticism, did the collection become truly scientific. France now possesses a rich literature on the folk tales of the various provinces;…

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France Figurative Arts Part III

France Figurative Arts 3

Also committed to the criticism of a certain social condition, but in a more serene way, the painting of G. Schlosser (born in 1931) is characterized as a chronicle of daily life in France among the working classes, made starting from photographic documents, some details of which are enlarged and shown on canvas, sometimes at the limits of legibility. With Schlosser we arrive at the most recent currents, presented to…

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France Figurative Arts Part II

France Figurative Arts 2

In this return to figuration and storytelling, two fundamental attitudes can therefore be distinguished. On the one hand, the figurative image is itself taken as an object of the creative process: through processes of decomposition, accumulation, etc., its constitutive laws, syntactic structures, thresholds of legibility and so on are analyzed: in short, it is all a rhetoric or, better still, a semiotics of the image that is being processed. Among…

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France Figurative Arts Part I

France Figurative Arts 1

The Sixties marked a turning point in French artistic life: a progressive disaffection of young artists towards abstract art was manifested, which, on the other hand, corresponded to a growing interest in the figure. According to Ethnicityology, this spontaneous return to figuration unites very divergent tendencies at the beginning of the 1960s. On the one hand, we meet former traditional figurative painters such as P. Rebeyrolle (born in 1926) who…

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France Economy Between 1958 and 1961 Part II

France Economy Between 1958 and 1961 2

The strikes, of exceptional magnitude, carried out in the spring of 1968, influenced the Grenelle agreements; these agreements, of a national nature, have led to large wage increases and a reduction in working hours. Wage increases, not having fully passed on to selling prices, have increased consumer demand, allowing industry to use both capital and labor more. What was called the “November crisis” led the government to draw up an…

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France Economy Between 1958 and 1961 Part I

France Economy Between 1958 and 1961 1

Traditionally, state intervention has characterized the French economy, assuming peculiar characteristics that lead to speak of “French-style planning”. The objective of the 3rd floor (1958-61) was that of a significant improvement in productivity, combined with a development of professional training and the balance of foreign exchanges. The 4th and especially the 5th floor emphasized the adaptation of the French economy to international competition and the changes that this entailed. Since…

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Greece Under the Spell of the Debt Crisis (Since 2010)

Greece Under the Spell of the Debt Crisis (Since 2010)

In 2010, K. Papulias was re-elected President. After years of misrepresentation about the national budget, it turned out that Greece was more affected by the global financial crisis than other countries. The high budget deficit increased the risk of uncontrolled national bankruptcy. On April 23, 2010, the country applied for financial aid from the euro countries and the IMF. On May 2, 2010, loans of € 110 billion were committed…

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Tour de France Overview

Tour de France Overview

Tour de France [turdə Frà ː s], road cycling: The most significant multi-stage race in the world for professional cyclists, the year in July in France is discharged. Tracks and jerseys The first tour was run in 1903, since then (except 1915–18 and 1940–46) it has been held annually in July. The 107th edition was postponed by two months to late summer due to the coronavirus pandemic (29.8. – 20.9.2020).…

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Rhodes and Crete, Greece

Crete, Greece

Rhodes Rhodes is the main island of the Greek Dodecanese archipelago and is located near the Turkish coast. More than half of the almost 120,000 inhabitants live in the city of Rhodes. The tourist areas are mainly in the (north) east and west. Why is a vacation to Rhodes worthwhile? Rhodes not only offers many hours of sunshine per day, but also some beautiful sandy beaches, such as the beach…

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England Landmarks

England Landmarks

Winchester College A visit to Winchester College in southern England is an important part of study trips. The UK’s oldest private school is one of the nine most prestigious public schools in England. In particular, the original buildings, some of which are under the highest level of monument protection, are of great interest to visitors. In addition, the school in Winchester in Hampshire, the former capital of England, is picturesquely…

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Berlin, Germany

Berlin, Germany

Berlin is not only the capital of the Federal Republic, but also a state, which has particular historical significance for Germany. The seat of government is in Berlin. Berlin is a city-state because it is a federal state made up of one city. The city is an international metropolis with large more political meaning. Berlin is also popular as a cosmopolitan city for culture,politics, Media and science. Numerous artists are…

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Romania Territory

Romania Territory

Formally independent since 1877 and a republic since 1947, Romania, subjected to a communist regime since the end of the Second World War, freed itself of the dictatorship of Ceausescu with the revolution of December 1989, which was quickly followed by substantial changes to the Constitution of 1965 and the abolition of the leading role of a single party. A new Constitution, approved with the referendum of December 1991, instituted…

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Luxembourg (World Heritage)

Luxembourg (World Heritage)

The fortifications are masterpieces by the French Sun King’s military architect, Sébastien le Prestre de Vauban (1633–1707). The Wenceslas Wall with its 37 towers and 15 gates in the lower town, the grand ducal palace and the high Gothic Cathedral of Our Lady in the upper town bear witness to the great importance of the town in a strategically important location in Europe. Luxembourg: facts Official title: Old town district…

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Churches and Universities in Antwerp, Belgium

Antwerp, Belgium Universities

Churches worth seeing Cathedral of Our Lady The Gothic Cathedral of Our Lady (Onze Lieve Vrouwekathedraal) on the Grote Markt was built between 1352 and 1521. With its 123 meter high tower, which is one of the city’s landmarks, it is the tallest church in the Benelux countries and of course the tallest building in the city. But the size of the interior of the five-aisled basilica is also considerable.…

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Annaberg Buchholz, Germany History

Annaberg Buchholz, Germany History

If you compare Annaberg’s history with that of other medium-sized German cities, you quickly realize that it is relatively young. This applies to both Annaberg and Buchholz: 1491 you are at Schreckenberg on silver lodes encountered. Therefore, in 1496, on the orders of the Saxon ruler George the Bearded, a settlement was created. This new city was granted city charter just one year later and the right to mint again…

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ILO – International Labor Organization

ILO - International Labor Organization

The structure The ILO consists of three different parts: the International Labor Conference, the Board and the International Labor Office. All have a unique three-tier structure for the ILO, with each Member State represented by representatives of the government, employers and workers. The International Labor Conference is the ILO’s highest decision – making body, which, among other things, adopts conventions and recommendations and approves the budget. The Labor Conference meets…

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World Bank History

World Bank History

The emergence The World Bank lends money and provides technical support to developing countries, with the aim of helping them reduce poverty. According to computergees, the World Bank is a collective name for two institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). The guidelines for the IBRD were drawn up at the Bretton Woods Conference in July 1944. The main purpose of the…

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England Population and Cities

England Population

A visit to the capital of England and Great Britain must be considered separately. Along with New York, London is one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world. With a population of over 7 million, London is incredibly ethnically diverse, with more than 300 languages ​​spoken. Modern multicultural London seems to have it all: historic monuments, tourist attractions on every corner and a huge variety of restaurants, entertainment, art…

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Kosovo Recent History

Josip Broz Tito

World wars On June 28, 1914 Gavrilo Princip murdered the Austrian heir to the throne Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, whereupon Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia and the First World War took its course. During the war Kosovo was occupied by troops from Bulgaria and Austria-Hungary, which also meant the withdrawal of the Serbian “occupiers”. The Austrian military administration was viewed favorably by the Kosovar Albanians, not least because they founded…

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