ILO – International Labor Organization

ILO - International Labor Organization

The structure The ILO consists of three different parts: the International Labor Conference, the Board and the International Labor Office. All have a unique three-tier structure for the ILO, with each Member State represented by representatives of the government, employers and workers. The International Labor Conference is the ILO’s highest decision – making body, which, among other things, adopts conventions and recommendations and approves the budget. The Labor Conference meets…

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World Bank History

World Bank History

The emergence The World Bank lends money and provides technical support to developing countries, with the aim of helping them reduce poverty. According to computergees, the World Bank is a collective name for two institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). The guidelines for the IBRD were drawn up at the Bretton Woods Conference in July 1944. The main purpose of the…

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The 10 largest sandy deserts in the world

the Rub al-Chali

The sandy desert conveys to the viewer the typical image of a desert, which consists of sand and sand dunes and in which, of course, the sun shines relentlessly from a cloudless sky. Only about 20% of all deserts on earth consist of fine quartz sand, which has shaped our image of a desert in so many films and documentaries. Here are the ten largest sandy deserts in the world…

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United States 2003

United States Border Map

Yearbook 2003 USA. At the beginning of the year, the United States continued to seek to join the United Nations and its NATO allies in the plans for military intervention against Iraq. But in his annual speech to the nation in January, President George W. Bush made it clear that he did not necessarily intend to await “other people’s decisions” on the issue. In February, an attempt was made to…

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Trinidad and Tobago 2003

Trinidad and Tobago Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Trinidad and Tobago. According to, Trinidad and Tobago Independence Day is August 31. 71-year-old former university lecturer George Maxwell Richards was elected in February as new president of parliament. Richards, who was the government’s candidate, won the opposition candidate, banker Ganace Ramdial. The same month, The Mirror’s daily newspaper was stormed after employees were taken hostage by a radical Islamist group. One month earlier, The Trinidad Express…

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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2003

Saint Vincent and The Grenadines Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. According to, Saint Vincent and Grenadines Independence Day is October 27. In February, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines became members of the alliance-free movement for the world’s developing countries. In June, the country was removed from the OECD’s list of countries that do not cooperate in the fight against so-called money laundering and tax evasion. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Brief Guide…

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Saint Lucia 2003

Saint Lucia Border Map

According to, Saint Lucia Independence Day is February 22. The UWP government party suffered a stinging defeat in the November 2011 parliamentary elections as it backed from 11 to 6 seats. At the same time, the SLP rose from 6 to 11 seats, and the SLP’s Kenny Anthony was inaugurated as new prime minister. Saint Lucia Brief Guide According to AbbreviationFinder, The island of Saint Lucia in the Southern…

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Saint Kitts and Nevis 2003

Saint Kitts and Nevis Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Saint Christopher and Nevis. According to, Saint Kitts and Nevis Independence Day is September 19. Saint Christopher and Nevis again invested in tourism, which experienced a downturn due to the terrorist attacks against the United States in 2001. In Frigate Bay on Saint Christopher, the Caribbean’s largest hotel complex was opened, which increased the number of hotel places in the country by 60%. The hotel also provided…

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Panama 2003

Panama Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Panama. The dismissal of head of social security institute Juan Jované in September led to a wave of protests that culminated in a march with tens of thousands of participants through the streets of Panama City. According to, Panama Independence Day is November 3. The protesters demanded that Jované be reinstated and that President Mireya Moscoso publicly guaranteed that the Social Security Fund, long drawn with large…

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Nicaragua 2003

Nicaragua Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Nicaragua. According to, Nicaragua Independence Day is September 15. President Enrique Bolaños encountered problems in his quest to reform and “depoliticize” the Supreme Court. The Sandinists and the President’s own party PLC (Partido Liberal Constitucionalista) argued that the reform, which would drastically reduce the number of members and abolish the parties’ right to appoint members, is in fact Bolaño’s way of taking control of the court. The…

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Mexico 2003

Mexico Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Mexico. According to, Mexico Independence Day is September 15. The ruling party PAN (Partido Acción Nacional) lost big in the various regional elections held during the year. In the March 9 municipal and state congressional elections in the state of Mexico, which is Mexico’s largest electoral district with 8 million eligible voters, the opposition party PRI (Partido Revolucionario Institucional) won both in the capital Toluca and in…

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Jamaica 2003

Jamaica Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Jamaica. At the beginning of the year, the government presented a comprehensive plan to reduce the “homeless crime” in the country. Among other things, all illegal arms trafficking would result in life imprisonment and more joint police and military actions in high crime areas. In 2002, more than 1,000 Jamaicans were murdered, often in street battles between various criminal gangs or between police and street gangs. In October,…

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Honduras 2003

Honduras Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Honduras. “March for Dignity,” the biggest protest since President Ricardo Maduro took office in January 2002, gathered on August 27, 10,000 participants and degenerated into riots and clashes with police. According to, Honduras Independence Day is September 15. The protests, organized by Catholic priests and more than a hundred trade unions and grassroots organizations, pertained to the government’s plans for a $ 1 billion loan from the…

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Haiti 2003

Haiti Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Haiti. Violent clashes occurred in August and September in Haiti’s second city of Cap-Haiti between the opposition organization Fron Opozisyon Nor (FRON), which calls for the resignation of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, and representatives of the presidential party Fanmi Lavalas. FRON criticized the police for inaction. According to, Haiti Independence Day is January 1. The deadline set by the US cooperative organization OAS for an agreement between the…

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Guatemala 2003

Guatemala Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Guatemala. In the second round of the presidential election, held on December 28, Óscar Berger of Gran Alianza Nacional (GANA) won before Álvaro Colom. However, the most attention was given during the year to Efraín Ríos Montt’s candidacy. According to, Guatemala Independence Day is September 15. The 78-year-old former general, who was Guatemala’s dictator in 1982–83 and charged with Mayan Indians genocide, has twice tried to run…

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Grenada 2003

Grenada Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Grenada. According to, Grenada Independence Day is February 7. Grenada was forced to borrow money from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) at the beginning of the year to cope with the economic setback that Hurricane Lili had caused. Lili pulled over the island in September 2002, causing major damage to fields, roads and other infrastructure. The economy was also hit hard by a sharp fall in the…

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Greenland 2003

Yearbook 2003 Greenland. At the end of 2002, the United States requested Denmark to use the Thule base on Greenland in its planned new robot defense. The Greenlandic self-government, the government, demanded to participate in future negotiations with the US on Thule’s future. In May, therefore, Denmark and Greenland signed a principle agreement on Greenlandic co-influence in all foreign and security policy issues affecting the kingdom. Negotiations with the US…

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El Salvador 2003

El Salvador Border Map

Yearbook 2003 El Salvador. In the March 16 congressional elections, the government coalition won despite the fact that the left-wing coalition FMLN (Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional), which conducted a successful policy in Congress, retained its 31 seats and is still its largest single party. According to, El Salvador Independence Day is September 15. The low turnout (40%) was interpreted as a sign of general voter apathy.…

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Dominican Republic 2003

Dominican Republic Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Dominican Republic. According to, Dominican Republic Independence Day is February 27. The country was shaken by political unrest for most of the year, mainly due to an expected agreement between the government and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) on new credits and fears that the loan would be conditional on public cuts and price increases. The protests also took place in light of the lack of electricity,…

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Dominica 2003

Dominica Border Map

According to, Dominica Independence Day is November 3. In February 2000, Rosie Douglas was appointed prime minister. In the same month, Dominica and Cuba signed an agreement on coordination and bilateral talks – including annual meetings – to improve cultural, social and political cooperation between the two countries. Until then, cooperation had been limited to the field of education, but now it was expected that tourism would also benefit…

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Cuba 2003

Cuba Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Cuba. In the first half of the year, 75 dissidents were sentenced to a total of 1,454 years in prison for violating national security, and three hijackers who tried to bring a ferry with refugees to the United States were sentenced to death and executed. According to, Cuba Independence Day is October 10. The harsh attitude surprised the outside world, and the EU imposed sanctions on the…

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Costa Rica 2003

Costa Rica Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Costa Rica. In May, several strikes erupted in protest of government policy. The protests reached their peak in a June 4 demonstration with tens of thousands of participants. According to, Costa Rica Independence Day is September 15. The protesters partially met their demand for a $ 100 million share issue to fund the operations of the semi-state electricity company, but Finance Minister Jorge Walter Bolaños resigned in…

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Canada 2003

Canada Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Canada. In March, several people with lung disease became ill sars. By July, 41 people had died and over 300 suspected cases of the disease were reported in and around Toronto. The World Health Organization WHO discouraged people from traveling to the Toronto area on April 23, which drew criticism from Canadian authorities. The travel warning was canceled after six days. In both Ontario and British Columbia, partnership…

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Belize 2003

Belize Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Belize. According to, Belize Independence Day is September 21. The ruling People’s Unity Party (PUP), led by Prime Minister Said Musa, on March 5 became the first party to win two consecutive parliamentary elections since independence in 1981. The party gained 21 seats against 8 for the United Democratic Party (UDP) opposition party. The proposal presented by the US cooperation organization OAS to a solution to the…

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Barbados 2003

Barbados Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Barbados. According to, Barbados Independence Day is November 30. The residents of Barbados. went to parliamentary elections on May 21. The ruling Social Democratic Barbados Labor Party won by close to 56% of the vote over the opposition middle party Democratic Labor Party, which gained just over 44%. Prime Minister Owen Arthur and his government were thus re-elected for a third term. Both parties completely dominate Barbados…

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Bahamas 2003

Bahamas Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Bahamas. During the year, five school boys aged 11 to 14 disappeared inexplicably on the main island of Grand Bahama. According to, Bahamas Independence Day is July 10. The public was shocked by the disappearance and rumors spread that it was a serial murder or that a devil sect was behind it. Both the British Scotland Yard and the US FBI helped the Bahamas police investigate the…

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Antigua and Barbuda 2003

Antigua and Barbuda Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Antigua and Barbuda. Antigua and Barbuda suffered a government crisis during the summer when four members of the ruling Antigua Labor Party (Antigua Labor Party) threatened to leave their seats in Parliament. According to, Antigua and Barbuda Independence Day is November 1. The threat was made in protest against a series of corruption scandals surrounding the government and an alleged sex scandal involving Prime Minister Lester Bird.…

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North America Mountains

North America Mountains

Rocky Mountains, the rock mountains of North America The high mountains of the Rocky Mountains are the main mountain range of the North American Cordilleras. The Rocky Mountains are a young fold mountains with many post-volcanic phenomena. Many national parks serve to protect and preserve the great mountains. The Rocky Mountains run through the west of North America to the north-south (Fig. 1). Like the Alps, the Rocky Mountains are…

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