Central African Republic. After averting a number of coup attempts and armed revolts in recent years with foreign aid, President Ange-Félix Patassé was hard pressed at the beginning of the year. Rebels loyal to former commander-in-chief François Bozizé and former president André Kolingba controlled about 70% of the country’s area, and in the capital Bangui, the state of supply began to get serious.
In March, General Bozizé took power while Patassé attended a conference in Niger. Thousands of rebel soldiers entered Bangui and fired the president’s aircraft when he returned from Niger. Patassé fled to Cameroon and later went into exile in Togo.
According to Countryaah.com, Central African Republic Independence Day is August 13. The African Union, the United States and France condemned the coup, but the domestic opposition joined forces with Bozizé and after a short time the new regime was recognized by CEMAC, the regional economic cooperation organization for Central Africa. CEMAC also decided to retain and strengthen the international peacekeeping force of approximately 350 people placed in the Central African Republic at the end of 2002 to protect Patassé.
74-year-old opposition leader Abel Goumba was named prime minister. Bozizé, who declared himself president, became Minister of Defense and several of his close associates also received ministerial posts. Former President André Kolingba, who was sentenced to death in 2002 for participating in a coup attempt the previous year, was granted amnesty and was able to return from exile in Uganda.
The Constitutional Court and the Supreme Court were dissolved and judges at other judicial bodies were replaced. Patassé was wanted internationally and was charged with murder, rape and embezzlement from the Treasury of almost one billion SEK.
Already in December, Prime Minister Goumba was dismissed after Parliament criticized his new election schedule. There was also dissatisfaction that the government had not been overcome with lawlessness. The new head of government was appointed the politically proven economist Célestin Gaombalé. Head of Central African Development Bank.
In November, David Dacko, president of 1960-65 and 1979-81, died twice in military coups.
Central African Republic Brief Guide
According to AbbreviationFinder, the Central African Republic, or Central Africa, is a landlocked state in Central Africa. Prior to its independence in 1960, the country was known as the French colony called Oubangui-Chari. From 1977 to 1979 it was called the Central African Empire. Its neighbors are Chad in the north, Sudan in the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the south, and the Republic of the Congo and Cameroon in the west.