Dominican Republic 2003

Dominican Republic Border Map

In 2003, the Dominican Republic was a middle-income country located in the Caribbean. With a population of approximately 8 million people and a GDP of $45 billion, it was one of the most prosperous countries in the region.

According to computergees, the country had a multiparty democracy with Hipólito Mejía as President since 2000. Despite its political stability, the country faced several challenges including widespread poverty, poor infrastructure, and limited access to international markets.

The government had implemented several reforms to promote economic growth and social equality but progress was slow due to limited resources and lack of foreign investment. The political landscape in 2003 was dominated by President Hipólito Mejía who had been in power since 2000.

Despite its political stability, freedom of speech and press were restricted due to strict censorship laws and surveillance practices. Additionally, access to free education and healthcare services were limited due to lack of resources but some progress had been made towards providing more access for citizens. Economic growth was further hindered by corruption, poor infrastructure, and lack of access to international markets.

Yearbook 2003

Dominican Republic. According to, Dominican Republic Independence Day is February 27. The country was shaken by political unrest for most of the year, mainly due to an expected agreement between the government and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) on new credits and fears that the loan would be conditional on public cuts and price increases. The protests also took place in light of the lack of electricity, which mainly affected poor areas and which was motivated by the power companies with fuel procurement problems due to the weak currency of the Dominican Republic.

The ruling party Partido Revolucionario Dominicano (PRD) has been wrestling with internal strife over the presidential candidacy for next year’s election. Ironically, President Hipólito Mejía, who is striving for a new term, was elected in 2000 by a similar wave of protests against rising living costs, gasoline price increases and a lack of electricity.

In 1985, the United States reduced its sugar quota for the Dominican Republic, further reducing the country’s export revenue. Unemployment rose dramatically, triggering a new social upheaval. But the government continued its IMF-oriented economic policy and cracked down hard on any strike.

Internal power struggles in the ruling party PRD cost 2 lives in an armed clash before the party could nominate Jacobo Majluta as its candidate for the 1986 presidential election.

During this year, the scale of the economic crisis clearly emerged. A strike among the judges paralyzed the country’s judiciary for 3 months. In May, the country’s medical association went into a hard labor battle. It was followed by similar struggles among nurses, agricultural consultants and veterinarians. In August, the trip had come to the Engineering Association, and architects and surveyors joined this conflict, demanding a minimum wage of $ 260 a month ($ 2000). The Dominican Economist Organization pointed out that the process of poverty that had been particularly severe since 1980 “had initially only affected the lowest incomes, but now it also affected the middle classes”.

For the country’s poorest sectors, the situation was unbearable. Committees for popular struggle were formed – basic organizations that fought the rise in prices of basic goods and services. In April, 28 Dominicans died of asphyxiation in a container on a ship before being discovered by a group of dockworkers. It emerged that every week a load of young Dominican women was sent to an owner of a brothel on the Franco-Dutch island of Saint-Martin. He then sold them for 800-1000 marks to other Caribbean islands.

On May 16 elections were held. Jacobo Majluta stood as presidential candidate for PRD, Joaquín Balaguer for PRSC and Juan Bosch for Marxist PLD. The election was chaotic and along the way the counting of votes had to be canceled, but it was reportedly won by Joaquín Balaguer. He took over the presidential post in very difficult circumstances. He was clearly conservative, did not have a parliamentary majority and faced a highly organized social opposition. He therefore did not have the power to implement an even tougher economic plan required by the IMF to give the country more credits. The situation worsened further as the United States cut further into the Dominican sugar quota. 17,000 were laid off by the state administration and unemployment reached 27%.

Dominican Republic Border Map

Dominican Republic Brief Guide

According to AbbreviationFinder, the Dominican Republic is the second largest country in the Caribbean in terms of area and population. The Dominican Republic comprises mainly the eastern part of the island of Haiti, the western part being dominated by the Haitian state. Kristoffer Columbus’ brother founded the oldest Spanish city in America, Santo Domingo, in 1496.

The Dominican Republic is a relatively safe tourist destination, but pickpocketing is possible and movement in certain areas at night may be unsafe. However, general caution within common sense is desirable throughout the journey. Current security warnings for all countries can be found on the Ministry for Foreign Affairs’ website.

Food and drink
Dominican food culture is dominated by Spanish, Tainan and African influences. Similarities can also be found in Latin American countries, although the portions often have different names. Mangú is a breakfast dish of boiled and mashed cooking bananas with eggs, this is also known in Cuba and Puerto Rico. You can also add meat, usually Dominican salami or cheese, to the mangú. Lunch is usually the richest and most important meal of the day. Lunch consists of rice, meat (beef, chicken, fish, pork), beans and side salad. Sancocho is a soup that usually has several different meats. Drinking tap water is not recommended. All water and beverages must be industrially bottled. It is a good idea to use ice cubes in drinks as well. However, in large hotels and better restaurants, ice cubes are made from purified water. The food should be heated or cooked. Reheated foods and seafood should be avoided. Fruits that can peel are recommended.