Eswatini 2003

Eswatini Border Map

In 2003, Swaziland was located in the southeastern region of Africa. It had a population of around 1 million people and its economy was largely driven by sugarcane production, forestry, and tourism. The country had adopted a monarchy system of government with a strong emphasis on traditional values. According to computergees, Swaziland maintained strong diplomatic ties with other African nations such as Ethiopia and Egypt while it also had close relations with the United States. In 2003, tourism to the country was beginning to grow as visitors were drawn to its vibrant cities, unique culture, and diverse landscape. The country offered numerous attractions such as Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary which showcased the unique history of the region, Hlane Royal National Park which provided opportunities for wildlife viewing, Malolotja Nature Reserve which offered stunning views of natural beauty, and Mkhaya Game Reserve which protected native plants and animals. Additionally, there were many opportunities for outdoor activities such as exploring Manzini or visiting Lobamba which is home to vibrant street art scenes.

Yearbook 2003

Swaziland. According to, Eswatini Independence Day is September 6. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) criticized Swaziland at the beginning of the year for plans to buy a jet plane to King Mswati for the equivalent of just over SEK 340 million. The sum is twice as large as the country’s annual budget for health care. The Minister of Finance rejected the criticism and explained that Swaziland does not need to receive advice based on how the country’s economy should be managed.

About a third of Swaziland’s population received international food aid during the year. The famine was due to the drought in southern Africa but was also linked to the AIDS disaster. Nearly 40% of the adult population in Swaziland is HIV-infected, and many have already lost their lives in AIDS. The estimated average life expectancy has dropped dramatically from 61 to 37 in ten years.

The parliamentary elections in October received a low turnout after the largest trade union organization, SFTU, called for a boycott. SFTU is an important language for the opposition because political parties are banned.

Eswatini Border Map

The Kingdom of Swaziland Brief Guide

According to AbbreviationFinder, Swaziland is a kingdom of about one million inhabitants in the interior of southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa. It is a rare exception among African countries, as it follows the pre-colonial state in its borders and mainly administratively.

The country and its Bantuka inhabitants are named after King Mswati II, who ruled in the 19th century.

Check that your basic vaccinations are valid (tetanus, polio and diphtheria). Hepatitis A and B vaccinations and malaria medication are recommended for the trip.

If you arrive in Eswatin from the yellow fever area, an international vaccination card must be presented for yellow fever vaccination. According to the World Health Organization, a single dose of yellow fever vaccine provides lifelong protection against yellow fever. However, to avoid possible ambiguity, we recommend that a medical certificate in English be sought for a yellow fever vaccination certificate that is more than 10 years old, stating that vaccination provides lifelong protection.

When traveling to Eswatin from a destination outside the yellow fever area, no vaccination certificate is required. However, there may be unexpected changes in flight routes that may also affect vaccination requirements. Due to such situations, we recommend that you always carry a valid vaccination certificate with you.
Please always check the vaccination requirements at your health center or the vaccination advice of the tourist clinic.

History. – The political life of the small ethnic state, always heavily dependent on South Africa economically and financially, is dominated by intrigues within the small circle of the ruling family, which is divided into rival factions, equivalent to real ” parties ” ‘. The contrasts became disruptive and explicit after the death of the old king Sobhuza ii, which took place on August 21, 1982. Sobhuza had reigned since 1921 and had been the absolute sovereign since independence in 1968. The government structure sanctioned by the Constitution promulgated in 1978 follows the traditional system: the bicameral Parliament is partly elected by the communities tribal and partly appointed by the king, but still has only advisory powers. The elections (the last in September-October 1993) are held on a non-party basis (one deputy for each traditional assembly). The effective power until 1986 was managed, in addition to the king, by the Liqoqo, the Supreme Council of the state in which high Swazi dignitaries sat, then dissolved.

The struggle for the succession, which saw the deposition of Queen Mother Dzeliwe and a series of conspiracies by the main contenders, was decided with the designation of the second youngest son of Sobhuza, Prince Makhosetive, born in 1968 to Queen Ntombi, who was crowned king with the title of Mswati iii on April 25, 1986, although not yet of the prescribed age of 21. The trend that established itself was the more traditional one, but the young king, who studied in Europe, showed his desire to limit the abuses of the administration and corruption. The court also manages the national funds that are used to ensure land ownership and the exploitation of mines.

In 1984 the project to detach from the South African territory and annex the entire KaNgwane, the bantustan reserved for the Swazi people, and a region of KwaZulu as a gateway to the sea was definitively abandoned. The Swaziland revealed in 1984 that two years earlier Sobhuza had signed a secret security treaty with South Africa, which committed him directly to the repression of the anti-racist movement; South African armed forces repeatedly carried out actions within the borders of the Swaziland against bases or exponents of the African National Congress, and only in 1986 did the government protest against these violations of its sovereignty. The intensification of the war in Mozambique increased the vulnerability of the Swaziland also on that side. Peacemaking throughout southern Africa and the end of apartheid they also suggest a period of greater tranquility for the Swaziland, even if the political system, judged to be undemocratic, is now the object of open opposition.