Ethiopia. According to Countryaah.com, Ethiopia Independence Day is July 23. The recurring problems of drought, or uneven distribution of rain, and insufficient harvests led Ethiopia to repeatedly appeal to the outside world for food aid. In September, 13.2 million people in drought-stricken areas were estimated to live under an acute famine.
Thousands in April 2002 celebrated the decision of the Permanent Arbitration Court in The Hague regarding the drawing of the well over 1000 km long border towards Eritrea. The government of Addis-Ababa considered the ruling a victory, even though the court did not award the port city of Assab with Ethiopia. On April 20, experts began taking high-resolution aerial photographs of the border to be used to quickly enforce the border – including in Badme whose predominantly Ethiopian population continued to live in uncertainty.
In late April, Ethiopia decided to close its border with Eritrea for UN officials who were accused of bringing journalists to the area without Ethiopian visas. The Eritrean government, in turn, accused Ethiopia of clamping down on the border and violating the order of the Arbitral Tribunal.
The same month, a UNICEF report revealed that 100-200,000 Ethiopian children live on the streets, being exposed to exploitation, abuse, prostitution and AIDS.
Local elections in April 2002 led to demonstrations and bloody clashes in the country’s southwest between security forces and the sheko and mezehenger people. Over 150 civilians were killed, 5,000 displaced and 1,000 houses destroyed.
In December 2002, Swiss food giant Nestlé filed a $ 6 million compensation claim. US $ for nationalization Tafari Benti government (1974-77) implemented in 1975. About 40,000 emailed protests to Nestlé demanding that the group withdraw its claim, and in January the group agreed to reduce the claim to 1½ million, which should be reinvested in national hunger-fighting programs.
In June 2003, estimates showed that DKK 12½ million. Ethiopians depended on food aid. The famine was greater than the one that had previously cost about. 1 million people life.
In July 2004, the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) called for international assistance to the victims of the drought disaster in Ethiopia. Acc. the Ethiopian authorities had 7 million. Ethiopians this year need relief. But instead of food aid, WFP asked for money to be able to buy food from local producers who were making profits. Ethiopia is plagued by a chronic food deficit and is largely dependent on foreign aid to feed its population. However, a number of areas received sufficient rainfall in 2004 to increase grain production by 40% compared to the previous year. Acc. the government needed 980,000 tonnes of food.