Geography of Chittenden County, Vermont

Geography of Chittenden County, Vermont

Chittenden County, located in the northwestern part of Vermont, is renowned for its stunning natural beauty, diverse geography, and vibrant communities. From the shores of Lake Champlain to the peaks of the Green Mountains, the county’s landscape is rich in history, culture, and outdoor recreational opportunities.

Topography and Landforms:

According to Ehealthfacts, Chittenden County covers an area of approximately 619 square miles and is situated within the Champlain Valley and Green Mountains physiographic regions. The county’s topography is diverse, encompassing rolling hills, fertile valleys, and rugged mountains.

The western portion of Chittenden County is characterized by the broad expanse of Lake Champlain, which forms its boundary with New York State. The shoreline of Lake Champlain features sandy beaches, rocky cliffs, and marshy wetlands, providing habitat for a variety of plant and animal species.

Inland from the lake, the landscape rises gradually into the foothills of the Green Mountains, which run along the eastern edge of the county. The Green Mountains are known for their steep slopes, dense forests, and numerous hiking trails, including sections of the Long Trail, which traverses the spine of the range.

In addition to Lake Champlain and the Green Mountains, Chittenden County is home to several smaller rivers, streams, and creeks, which flow through fertile valleys and meander across the countryside. These waterways, including the Winooski River, the Lamoille River, and the Huntington River, provide important habitats for fish, wildlife, and aquatic plants.


Chittenden County experiences a humid continental climate, characterized by four distinct seasons and moderate precipitation throughout the year. Summers in the county are typically warm and humid, with average temperatures ranging from the mid-60s to low 80s Fahrenheit. The presence of Lake Champlain helps to moderate temperatures along the lakeshore, providing relief from the summer heat.

Winters in Chittenden County are cold and snowy, with average temperatures ranging from the mid-teens to low 30s Fahrenheit. The region receives significant snowfall each winter, creating opportunities for winter sports such as skiing, snowboarding, and snowshoeing in the nearby mountains.

Spring and fall in Chittenden County are characterized by mild temperatures and vibrant foliage, as the landscape comes alive with blooming flowers in the spring and colorful leaves in the fall. These seasons are popular for outdoor activities such as hiking, biking, and leaf-peeping, as residents and visitors alike take advantage of the pleasant weather and stunning scenery.

Rivers, Lakes, and Waterways:

Chittenden County is blessed with an abundance of water resources, including the majestic Lake Champlain and numerous rivers, lakes, and ponds. Lake Champlain, one of the largest freshwater lakes in the United States, stretches for over 120 miles along the border between Vermont and New York, offering a wealth of recreational opportunities such as boating, fishing, swimming, and sailing.

In addition to Lake Champlain, Chittenden County is home to several smaller lakes and ponds, including Shelburne Pond, Malletts Bay, and Lake Iroquois. These smaller water bodies provide peaceful settings for picnicking, birdwatching, and nature observation, as well as opportunities for fishing and paddling.

The Winooski River, the largest river in Chittenden County, flows southward from its headwaters in the Green Mountains, passing through the towns of Bolton, Richmond, and Essex Junction before emptying into Lake Champlain. The Winooski River and its tributaries provide important habitats for fish, wildlife, and aquatic plants, as well as opportunities for kayaking, canoeing, and fishing.

Mountains and Natural Areas:

The eastern edge of Chittenden County is dominated by the rugged peaks of the Green Mountains, which rise sharply from the valley floor and offer stunning views of the surrounding countryside. Camel’s Hump, the third-highest peak in Vermont, is located in Chittenden County and is a popular destination for hikers and outdoor enthusiasts.

Other notable mountains in Chittenden County include Mount Mansfield, the highest peak in Vermont, and Mount Ellen, both of which are part of the Green Mountain range. These mountains offer a variety of hiking trails, ranging from easy strolls to challenging ascents, as well as opportunities for skiing, snowboarding, and mountain biking in the winter months.

In addition to the Green Mountains, Chittenden County is home to several natural areas and parks, including the Mount Philo State Park, the Red Rocks Park, and the Ethan Allen Homestead, which offer opportunities for hiking, picnicking, and wildlife viewing amidst beautiful natural surroundings.


The geography of Chittenden County, Vermont, is characterized by its diverse topography, including the shores of Lake Champlain, the peaks of the Green Mountains, and the fertile valleys in between. From the stunning vistas of the mountains to the tranquil shores of the lake, the county’s landscape offers a wealth of natural beauty and recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike. Whether exploring the hiking trails of Camel’s Hump, fishing in Lake Champlain, or skiing at a local resort, Chittenden County invites visitors to experience the wonders of the natural world in all their glory.