As the most populous and largest city in Greece, Athens is the hub of the region. Next to the Acropolis and the numerous temples and theaters, the Archaeological Museum is the most visited museum in the city.
On a tour of Athens, you can reach the Tower of the Winds and Hadrian’s Library from the former old town of Plaka. Another beautiful panoramic view of the city is offered by Mount Lykavittos, which can be reached by cable car from the residential area of Kolonaki. Another attraction is Syntagma Square, which, in addition to shopping facilities, is also an event space and, due to the nearby Parliament, the weekend parade ground for the former royal guard. From there you can visit the Panathinaiko Stadium. The first modern Olympic Games took place here.
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The southernmost and largest island of Greece is Crete. It offers a moderate climate in the north and an African climate in the south. The modern tourist centers in the north are easily accessible from Chania and Heraklion airports. There is also a well-developed bus and road network here. In the surroundings of Heraklion stands the most famous landmark of Crete: the ruins of Knossos. The palm beaches of Preveli, Vai and Komos are particularly beautiful. The interior of the island of Crete is mountainous, with the plateaus offering breathtaking views.
Corfu, the seventh largest Greek island in Greece, stands out for its balanced climate and diverse flora and fauna. On the green island you will find secluded beaches, tourist centers and quiet farming villages. Two Venetian-era fortresses flank Corfu Town. The historic center of Corfu Town, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, invites you to linger with its rustic taverns and classicist villas.
The ancient sanctuary of Delphi, with the seat of the oracle, is located in the mountainous landscape of Parnassos and is one of the highlights of any trip to Greece. The excavations are part of the UNESCO World Heritage and many excavation pieces can be viewed in the Archaeological Museum. Also worth seeing are the Apollo temple, the ancient theater and the stadium, which nestles against the mountain outside.
Olympia, the birthplace of the Olympic Games, which has been taking place since 776 BC. were held here is an uphill walk from Olympia town. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Due to earthquakes and floods, only the ruins can be seen today. Opposite the site, in the Archaeological Museum, is a large model plan showing what it once looked like. Art and exhibits from the original games are on display.
Sunbathing on sandy beaches with turquoise water is standard in Greece. Therefore, some beaches deserve special mention. The Voidokilia beach in the Messenia region is typically Greek. Located in a bay, it is shaped like the letter Omega. The pebbly beach of Myrtos on Kefalonia has been voted the most beautiful in Greece several times. The Navagio beach on Zakynthos was photographed most often, as the wreck of an old ship lies on the shore.
The most visited island of the Cyclades is Santorini, which owes its shape to volcanic eruptions. It is famous for its winding streets and whitewashed towns of Thira and Oía. Mykonos is known for its nightlife and windmills. It is considered a magnet for celebrities and has a notable homosexual scene. As the greenest and most fertile island in the Cyclades, Naxos, with its excellent bathing opportunities and winding streets, is recommended for hikers and nature lovers.
In Mycenae, located between Corinth and Argos, the historically valuable city and the Mycenaean palace were excavated by the archaeologist and Troy discoverer Heinrich Schliemann from 1876. Today preserved excavations of the upper town, ring walls and remains of the lion’s gate can be seen. Also important are the grave circles and a number of shaft graves with grave goods, which are exhibited in the museum below. The area was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999. The opening times are between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m. (Sundays) otherwise until 7 p.m.
The Nestos River has its source on the Bulgarian border and is one of the five major rivers in Greece. Nestos National Park, in northern Greece, is a unique natural heritage and has been under protection since 1980. It is home to around 300 bird species and offers shelter to many species as a stopover on the way south. The starting point for hikes through the river forest and the lagoons is a signposted parking lot near the town of Chrissoúpoli.
Greece is rich in bays, sandy beaches and islands that invite diving, snorkeling and fishing. In recent years, surfing and sailing have become established, especially on the numerous islands. There are organized package tours for diving or surfing holidays, but there are also numerous options for individual sports trips such as rafting or canoeing on the numerous rivers.