Kenya had been under British rule for many years, and the people of Kenya had grown tired of being oppressed. In 1947, Jomo Kenyatta and other members of the Kenya African Union (KAU) began to organize protests and strikes against the British colonial government in an effort to gain independence. The KAU was met with strong resistance from the British government and was banned in 1952. This did not stop Kenyatta and his supporters, however, as they continued their efforts to gain independence. In 1957, a new constitution was adopted that allowed for a multi-party system of government in Kenya. This constitution also granted more rights to Africans living in Kenya such as land ownership, voting rights, freedom of speech, and more control over their own affairs. Finally, on December 12th 1963 Kenya became an independent nation and Jomo Kenyatta became its first president. Since then, Kenya has made significant progress in terms of economic development, human rights protection, democracy promotion and international relations. Despite some challenges that remain today such as poverty levels and ethnic divisions within society, Kenya has become a prosperous nation with great potential for future growth.
Political Systems in Kenya
According to thesciencetutor, Kenya is a presidential representative democratic republic, with a multi-party system. The President of Kenya is both the head of state and the head of government and exercises executive power. Legislative power is vested in the National Assembly, which consists of 350 members elected from single-member constituencies for five-year terms. The Senate has 67 members who are elected by the county assemblies for five-year terms. Kenya is divided into 47 counties, each headed by an elected governor and a county assembly. The counties are further divided into 290 constituencies, each represented by a Member of Parliament in the National Assembly. The judiciary comprises courts with different levels of jurisdiction and is headed by the Chief Justice.
The current president Uhuru Kenyatta was reelected on 8 August 2017, after winning 54% of the votes cast in an election that was marred by violence and irregularities. His main opponent Raila Odinga won 44%. Kenyatta’s victory was confirmed after several court cases filed by Odinga were dismissed due to lack of evidence presented to prove electoral fraud or irregularities.
Kenya’s constitution guarantees freedom of speech and press, but it also allows for restrictions to be placed on these freedoms in order to protect public order or safety. The government has used this provision to restrict media coverage and prevent criticism in recent years. However, there have been some positive developments in regards to freedom of expression in recent years including passage of a new media law that decriminalized defamation as well as other legal reforms designed to ensure greater access to information held by public bodies and promote transparency in state institutions.
Judiciary System in Kenya
According to topb2bwebsites, the judiciary system in Kenya is made up of both the superior and subordinate courts. The superior courts are the Supreme Court, Court of Appeal, and High Court. These courts have jurisdiction over matters that involve serious violations of law or constitutional rights. The subordinate courts are the Magistrates’ Courts and Kadhis’ Courts. Magistrates’ Courts have jurisdiction over criminal cases that involve minor offenses as well as civil cases involving sums not exceeding Kshs 3 million (about US$30,000). Kadhis’ Courts are also subordinate courts with jurisdiction over matters relating to Muslim personal law, such as marriage, divorce, inheritance and succession.
In addition to these courts there is a special court known as the Constitutional Court. This court has exclusive original jurisdiction to hear and determine any question concerning the interpretation or application of the Constitution. It also has appellate jurisdiction to hear appeals from the High Court concerning decisions on constitutional matters. The Judicial Service Commission is responsible for appointing judges to all courts in Kenya except for Kadhis’ Courts which are appointed by a body known as the Commission for Islamic Affairs. In order to ensure fairness in the judicial system there is an independent body known as Judicial Review Board which reviews complaints against judges from members of public who feel aggrieved by their rulings or conduct.
Social Conditions in Kenya
Kenya is a developing country located in East Africa and is home to a population of more than 47 million people. Despite its rich culture, Kenya suffers from extreme poverty, which affects almost half of the country’s population. The high poverty rate can be attributed to a number of factors, including corruption, political instability, and economic inequality. This inequality has led to the emergence of slums in major cities such as Nairobi and Mombasa. These slums are characterized by overcrowded living conditions, inadequate access to basic services such as healthcare and education, and limited job opportunities. In addition, there is a stark difference between urban and rural areas when it comes to access to resources; urban areas tend to be better off than their rural counterparts. As a result of these disparities, many Kenyans are unable to meet their basic needs or improve their quality of life.
The government has made efforts to address these issues through initiatives such as free primary education for all children under the age of 16 and reduction in unemployment rates. However, these measures have been met with mixed success due to lack of resources and corruption within the government system. Additionally, there is still an immense gender gap in terms of access to education and employment opportunities for women; only one-third of Kenyan women participate in the workforce compared with nearly two-thirds for men. This gender disparity is further exacerbated by cultural norms that discourage girls from pursuing higher education or career aspirations outside the home. Despite these challenges, Kenya has seen some progress over recent years due largely to increased investment into infrastructure projects and economic reforms implemented by the government.