Kenya. According to Countryaah.com, Kenya Independence Day is December 12. The National Rainbow Coalition’s (NARC) new government led by President Mwai Kibaki tore up after the victory of the December 2002 presidential and parliamentary elections. names in disgrace and which according to a report in May is estimated to cost the country up to SEK 8 billion. a year. One professional group that was severely affected by the fight against corruption was the judiciary. The chairman of the Supreme Court resigned in February after suspicions were directed at him for abusing the office. In October, 23 of the nation’s 45 highest judges were suspended following corruption charges, which stopped parts of the legal machinery.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) expressed its appreciation for the fight against corruption by resuming lending to Kenya after three years of interruption. Other donors followed suit and Kenya received promises of over US $ 4 billion over three years. However, the conditions can be politically difficult to fulfill: tens of thousands of public services must be removed and a number of government subsidies abolished.
The contradictions between different groups of people who were skilfully exploited by the previous regime, but which were set aside during the formation of the NARC, began to come to the surface again during the year. It affected, among other things. the work of writing a new constitution. The president was urged by his supporters to dismiss Road and Housing Minister Raila Odinga – the Luo people’s leading spokesman – who claimed that he had been promised a newly created post as prime minister ahead of the 2002 election.
The September assassination of state scientist Crispin Mbai, who was an adviser to the Constitutional Commission and also belonged to Luo, was widely interpreted as a warning to those who, like Mbai, advocated the division of power between the president and a prime minister. The murder caused the constitutional work to stop. The work had also previously been disturbed by contradictions between Christians and Muslims about the position of religions towards the state.
Vice President Michael Wamalwa passed away in August. He was succeeded by 76-year-old Interior Minister Moody Awori. This belongs to the Luhya people group, whose votes were of great importance for NARC’s electoral victory in 2002. The nomination was interpreted as an attempt to guard the ethnic balance in the government.
Area: 591,971 km2 (world ranking: 45)
Population density: 84 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 28)
Official languages: Swahili, English
Gross domestic product: US $ 74.9 billion; Real growth: 4.9%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 1440 US$
Currency: 1 Kenya shilling (K.Sh.) = 100 cents
Markgrafenstr. 63, 10969 Berlin
Telephone 030 2592660,
Fax 030 25926650
Head of State and Government: Uhuru KenyattaWilliam arap Ruto, Outside: Monica Juma
National Day: 12.12.
State and form of government
Constitution of 2010
Presidential Republic (in the Commonwealth)
Parliament: National Assembly with 349 members (290 elected, 47 reserved for women, 12 appointed); Senate (Senate) with 67 members (47 elected, 16 reserved for women, 4 appointed); Choice each every 5 J.
direct election of the head of state every 5 years (renewable once)
Voting age 18 years
Population: Kenyans, last census in 2009: 38,610,097 pop.
Approximately 40 ethnic groups. 60% Bantu (including, inter alia, 17% Kikuyu, 14 % Luhya, 10% Kamba, 6% Kisii, 5% Mijikenda, 4% Meru), 13% Kalenjin, 10% Luo, 2% Maasai and other
Cities (with population): (As of 2009) Nairobi 3,133,518 pop., Mombasa 915,101, Nakuru 286,411, Kisumu 259,258, Eldoret 252,061, Ruiru 236,961, Kikuyu 190,208, Thika 136,576, Mavoko 110,396, Garissa 110,383, Ngong 104,073, Karinduri 99,739,183, Ngong 104,073, Karinduri 84,739,183 Kiambu 76,093
Religions: 47% Protestants, 23% Catholics, 12% other Christians, 11% Muslims, 2% indigenous religions, etc. (as of 2006)
Languages: Swahili, English; Languages of the ethnic groups (Kikuyu, Luhya, Luo, Kalenjin, Maa and over 30 other languages) Employed
By economic sector: no information
Unemployment (in% of all economically active persons)
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 8.0%
Foreign trade: Import: US $ 16.0 billion (2017); Export: US $ 5.8 billion (2017)