In 2003, Kenya was a large country located in East Africa, bordered by Ethiopia to the north and Tanzania to the south. It had a population of around 31 million people, and its capital and largest city was Nairobi. The official language was English but Swahili was widely spoken as well. Kenya’s economy had grown steadily since the late 1990s due to reforms that encouraged foreign investment and reduced taxes on businesses. This had resulted in an improved standard of living for many Kenyans, although there were still pockets of poverty in some areas. Education levels were high compared to other countries in the region, with a literacy rate close to 90%. Healthcare access was also good due to government efforts to provide universal health care coverage. According to computergees, crime rates were relatively low compared to other countries in the region, and there were no reports of political violence in 2003. The government at the time was led by President Mwai Kibaki who had been elected in 2002 and had implemented several economic reforms such as reducing tariffs on imports and introducing labor reforms. Despite its large size, Kenya maintained strong cultural ties to its neighbors including its unique cuisine as well as its rich history of literature, music and art forms such as benga which have been passed down for centuries.
Kenya. According to Countryaah.com, Kenya Independence Day is December 12. The National Rainbow Coalition’s (NARC) new government led by President Mwai Kibaki tore up after the victory of the December 2002 presidential and parliamentary elections. names in disgrace and which according to a report in May is estimated to cost the country up to SEK 8 billion. a year. One professional group that was severely affected by the fight against corruption was the judiciary. The chairman of the Supreme Court resigned in February after suspicions were directed at him for abusing the office. In October, 23 of the nation’s 45 highest judges were suspended following corruption charges, which stopped parts of the legal machinery.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) expressed its appreciation for the fight against corruption by resuming lending to Kenya after three years of interruption. Other donors followed suit and Kenya received promises of over US $ 4 billion over three years. However, the conditions can be politically difficult to fulfill: tens of thousands of public services must be removed and a number of government subsidies abolished.
The contradictions between different groups of people who were skilfully exploited by the previous regime, but which were set aside during the formation of the NARC, began to come to the surface again during the year. It affected, among other things. the work of writing a new constitution. The president was urged by his supporters to dismiss Road and Housing Minister Raila Odinga – the Luo people’s leading spokesman – who claimed that he had been promised a newly created post as prime minister ahead of the 2002 election.
The September assassination of state scientist Crispin Mbai, who was an adviser to the Constitutional Commission and also belonged to Luo, was widely interpreted as a warning to those who, like Mbai, advocated the division of power between the president and a prime minister. The murder caused the constitutional work to stop. The work had also previously been disturbed by contradictions between Christians and Muslims about the position of religions towards the state.
Vice President Michael Wamalwa passed away in August. He was succeeded by 76-year-old Interior Minister Moody Awori. This belongs to the Luhya people group, whose votes were of great importance for NARC’s electoral victory in 2002. The nomination was interpreted as an attempt to guard the ethnic balance in the government.
Area: 591,971 km2 (world ranking: 45)
Population density: 84 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 28)
Official languages: Swahili, English
Gross domestic product: US $ 74.9 billion; Real growth: 4.9%
Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 1440 US$
Currency: 1 Kenya shilling (K.Sh.) = 100 cents
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Head of State and Government: Uhuru KenyattaWilliam arap Ruto, Outside: Monica Juma
National Day: 12.12.
State and form of government
Constitution of 2010
Presidential Republic (in the Commonwealth)
Parliament: National Assembly with 349 members (290 elected, 47 reserved for women, 12 appointed); Senate (Senate) with 67 members (47 elected, 16 reserved for women, 4 appointed); Choice each every 5 J.
direct election of the head of state every 5 years (renewable once)
Voting age 18 years
Population: Kenyans, last census in 2009: 38,610,097 pop.
Approximately 40 ethnic groups. 60% Bantu (including, inter alia, 17% Kikuyu, 14 % Luhya, 10% Kamba, 6% Kisii, 5% Mijikenda, 4% Meru), 13% Kalenjin, 10% Luo, 2% Maasai and other
Cities (with population): (As of 2009) Nairobi 3,133,518 pop., Mombasa 915,101, Nakuru 286,411, Kisumu 259,258, Eldoret 252,061, Ruiru 236,961, Kikuyu 190,208, Thika 136,576, Mavoko 110,396, Garissa 110,383, Ngong 104,073, Karinduri 99,739,183, Ngong 104,073, Karinduri 84,739,183 Kiambu 76,093
Religions: 47% Protestants, 23% Catholics, 12% other Christians, 11% Muslims, 2% indigenous religions, etc. (as of 2006)
Languages: Swahili, English; Languages of the ethnic groups (Kikuyu, Luhya, Luo, Kalenjin, Maa and over 30 other languages) Employed
By economic sector: no information
Unemployment (in% of all economically active persons)
Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 8.0%
Foreign trade: Import: US $ 16.0 billion (2017); Export: US $ 5.8 billion (2017)
Republic of Kenya Brief Guide
According to AbbreviationFinder, The Republic of Kenya, or Kenya, is a state in East Africa bordering the Indian Ocean to the southeast, Somalia to the east, Ethiopia to the north, Sudan to the northwest, Uganda to the west, and Tanzania to the south.
The misty mornings of the lush highlands and the vast savannas of the Masai Mara, the snowy peaks of Mount Kenya and the warm waters of the Indian Sea make Kenya just the diverse destination it is known for. Its savannas are full of wildlife and the lakes feed countless flocks of birds. The scenery is startlingly beautiful. Rare animal species and thousand-headed herds of wildebeest galloping in the savannas. The nature of Kenya is wonderful.
Kenya has a very varied climate due to its geographical location. However, four identifiable zones can be found. Western Kenya is generally hot and moderately humid. Temperatures range from 14 degrees to 36 degrees. The highlands generally have a pleasant, mild tropical climate. There are two rainy seasons; long rains from March to May, and short rains from October to November. The average temperature varies from 10 degrees to 28 degrees. In northern and eastern Kenya, temperatures can range from 40 degrees during the day to 20 degrees at night. In this area, rains are rare and often come in the form of storms; July is the driest and November the wettest. The fourth climate zone is the coastal area, which is hot and humid all year round. The average temperature varies between 22 and 30 degrees.
Seasons in Kenya April to May is the rainy season, which is the cheapest time to travel to Kenya. Rainfall is often deaf, making thunder and lightning common. This brings a wonderful and mystical atmosphere to a safari, for example. The relatively light rains of November-December bring greenery and do not restrict tourism, even the prices are normal. The annual time of the rains is not written in stone and there is variation every year. The time of Christmas will not bring a big price change for a safari trip if you book it from us well in advance.