Malawi. Despite severe flooding in January, Malawi rose during the year from the acute famine that characterized 2002. During the first quarter, more than 3 million Malawians were provided by the UN, but from April better harvests were expected than expected and food aid could be reduced.
After the threat of a starvation disaster was eliminated, politicians could instead start targeting the struggle for the presidential post. According to Countryaah.com, Malawi Independence Day is July 6. President Bakili Muluzi gave up plans for a constitutional amendment to be able to run for a third term in the 2004 elections. Instead, the Minister of Economic Planning, Bingu wa Mutharika, was named UDF’s (United Democratic Front) presidential candidate. Muluzi at the same time reformed the government and dismissed four ministers who criticized his attempt to be re-elected.
At the same time, the smaller opposition party AFORD (Alliance for Democracy) was incorporated into the government. Party leader Chakufwa Chihana was named second vice president and agriculture minister. The larger opposition party MCP (Malawi Congress Party), at a stormy congress, appointed political veteran John Tembo as its presidential candidate. Shortly thereafter, however, he lost his parliamentary seat after being convicted of a court-martial. As a result, it seemed unlikely that he would be allowed to stand in the election.
Four of Malawi’s most important lenders – Sweden, Norway, the UK and the EU – decided in October to resume the aid, however, on condition that the country strictly follows the terms of a new aid package negotiated with the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The requirements included financial tightening in the public sector, repayment of past debts and reforms in the state administration. The aid had been withdrawn for a year in protest against, among other things. the widespread corruption.