Mozambique 2003

Mozambique Border Map

In 2003, Mozambique was a large country located in Southeast Africa. It had a population of around 19 million people, primarily speaking Portuguese and several local languages. According to computergees, the capital city was Maputo, which is home to the Government Palace and several other important government buildings and monuments. The economy relied heavily on its agricultural sector with cashew nuts being the main export item. Tourism was also popular due to its stunning coastline, vibrant culture and historical sites such as Ilha de Moçambique. In addition to its natural beauty, Mozambique had a rich cultural heritage with traditional music, cuisine and art that blended African influences with those from Portugal and India. Despite its many challenges including poverty and political unrest in 2003, Mozambique remained a vibrant country that held great promise for its future generations.

Yearbook 2003

Mozambique. In January, six men were sentenced to prison for up to 29 years for the murder of Carlos Cardoso, one of Mozambique’s most famous journalists. Cardoso was shot to death in November 2000 while working to investigate the embezzlement of the equivalent of SEK 125 million. in the privatization of Banco Commercial. One of the country’s leading families and several other prominent businessmen were suspected of being involved in the scandal.

According to, Mozambique Independence Day is June 25. The murder attracted tremendous attention, not least because during the course of the investigation there were vexing indications that President Joaquim Chissano’s son Nyimpine should have been involved. The Swedish government, despite lingering doubts that the banking scandal has been fully investigated, decided to resume budget support for Mozambique During two years SEK 200 million will be paid. to fight poverty.

The Frelimo government party dominated in local elections in November, but the former rebel movement Renamo prevailed in five of the 33 municipalities where elections were held. in the second largest city of Beira. It was the first time that Renamo ran in municipal elections. In April, the port of the capital Maputo was partially privatized.

An international consortium, led by the British Mersey Docks & Harbor Company and with the participation of Swedish Skanska, will operate the port for 15 years with the intention of making it one of the largest in southern Africa. The consortium owns 51% of the port, the Mozambican state the rest.

Mozambique Border Map

Republic of Mozambique Brief Guide

According to AbbreviationFinder, the Republic of Mozambique, or Mozambique, is a state in southern Africa. Its neighbors are South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi and Tanzania. To the east, it is bordered by the Indian Ocean.

Mobile phones
Please check the coverage and prices of your mobile phone with your operator. The area code for Mozambique is +258.

Food & beverage
Mozambique’s largest agricultural products are cassava and corn. In addition, sugar cane, millet, sweet potatoes, peanuts, sorghum, cotton, tobacco, cashews and citrus fruits are grown. Mozambique’s traditional food consists of cereal porridge, reminiscent of a thick mashed potato. Ground rice, corn or cassava are used for this cereal porridge. Vegetables, beans, nuts and sometimes chicken are used with cereal porridge. More fish and seafood are used in coastal areas. The Portuguese have been left with the use of port wine in cooking. Mozambique’s tap water is not potable. All water and beverages must be industrially bottled. Salads and vegetables should also be rinsed with bottled water. Heated or tablet-purified water can be drunk.

We stay in safe areas during our trip, but general caution within common sense is desirable throughout the trip.

Economic conditions

Mozambique lived very dramatically the period following the achievement of independence due to the abandonment of the country by Portuguese technicians and entrepreneurs, the unpreparedness of the local ruling class, and above all the tension created with neighboring states (Rhodesia, later became Zimbabwe, and the Republic of South Africa), the consequent civil war which lasted for a decade, the recurrent droughts. The government soon launched a plan of economic and social reforms, aiming in particular at the elimination of large property and the redistribution of the agricultural population. These reforms had little success due to the conditions in which the country found itself and due to the lack of financial aid that Mozambique hoped for from the Soviet Union and from the other states of the COMECON., which he had come approaching. Subsequently, the opening to some Western countries and the cessation of the civil war made it possible to launch new economic programs (based largely on a more rational use of water for both irrigation and energy production).

The main sector of the Mozambican economy remains that of agriculture, which employs 80% of the workforce, but affects only a very modest fraction of the land area. The main crops are those of products destined for export: cotton and sugar cane, but also cashew nuts, peanuts, tea, tobacco. For internal consumption, on the other hand, cassava, sweet potato and cereals (sorghum, corn, millet) are grown above all. The productions, normally barely sufficient to cover the growing needs of the population, drop dramatically in dry years, causing real famines. The forest mantle, which covers 18% of the territory, provides precious woods (Rhodesian mahogany, red ebony, Mlanje cedar). Breeding, hampered by trypanosomiasis, it mainly concerns cattle and poultry. The economic contribution of fishing is modest, practiced with backward systems by the coastal populations.

The mineral resources are huge, but only partially exploited: modest quantities of coal, bentonite, titanium and bauxite are extracted. The province of Inhambane supplies natural gas, which is exported to the Republic of South Africa via a 900km pipeline. The hydroelectric potential is substantial, thanks to the Cabora Bassa plant. As regards the secondary activities, alongside the traditional industries there is an oil refinery, a chemical plant (fertilizers, sulfuric acid) and a new important aluminum foundry.

For the economy of Mozambique is crucial transit commercial traffic, which, interrottosi in the years following independence, has recovered since 1980 in Maputo, in fact, is connected by rail to the South African province known as the Free State (formerly Transvaal) and the Zimbabwe, whose capital is also linked to the port of Beira; moreover, Malawi can be reached by rail from the ports of Beira and Nacala. Finally, this function is accentuated by the long oil pipeline (311 km) that connects Beira to Umtali, in Zimbabwe. The foreign trade of Mozambique takes place, as well as with neighboring countries, with the United States and with some states of the European Union (Netherlands, Italy, Germany). Imports consist of raw materials for food and industry and mechanical products; exports, from aluminum, cotton, sugar, fishery products, vegetable oils, timber and tea.