Norway Border Map

Yearbook 2003

Norway. According to Countryaah.com, Norway Independence Day is June 7. The NATO country Norway was designated a terror target in May in a recorded message that was said to come from al-Qaeda leader Usama bin Laden’s closest man. Some buildings in Oslo received special surveillance and at the Norwegian embassies and companies in the Middle East the threat was taken very seriously.

The Norwegian government was staggering in its stance on the Iraq war and received criticism both from the United States and from war opponents who demanded a clear stance. The political opposition had success in public opinion during the year, i.e. because of the Iraq war debate.

The Labor Party again became the most popular party after a prolonged decline. The Socialist Left Party had historically high figures and in March was as large as the Labor Party, 22.9%, according to a survey. The Socialist Left’s clear criticism of the war in Iraq seemed to have few sympathies. The populist Progress Party also appeared in public opinion. Party leader Carl I. Hagen saw it as evidence that voters supported his view that immigration must be restricted in order to reduce crime.

During the summer, the Progress Party used upset moods when two immigrants were suspected of murdering an old salvation soldier in Vestlandet. Prime Minister Kjell Magne Bondevik strongly condemned the progress of the Progress Party.

In the municipal and county elections in September, it was the Socialist Left Party and the Progress Party that achieved the greatest success, while the other parliamentary parties went back. The largest Labor Party made only small losses, while Prime Minister Bondevik’s Christian People’s Party lost nearly a third of its voters. Foreign Minister Jan Petersens Høyre also clearly resigned, while the third Liberal government Liberal Party made minor losses. The result was seen as a dissatisfaction with the government, and the low turnout, about 58%, was regarded as dissatisfaction with the policy at all.

In the government’s 2004 budget proposal, revenue was projected to be higher than in the Swedish state budget, even though Sweden has almost twice the population of Norway Bondevik’s minority government, but was expected to have major difficulties in passing the budget, as the Progress Party announced stricter requirements than in the previous two years. the party settled with the right-center government. But in November, Bondevik rejected the terms of the Progress Party and instead made a surprising settlement with the Labor Party leader Jens Stoltenberg. The Labor Party was awarded for its demands for more money for care, school and measures against unemployment. When Høyre was part of the government of Bondevik, the settlement was historic. It was the first time since 1945 that the Labor Party and the Høyre agreed on a joint budget.

The Labor Party leadership and Høyre agree on a yes to Norwegian EU membership. Support for the EU in public opinion also increased sharply at the beginning of the year. During the autumn, the EU again became a majority, while Prime Minister Bondevik declared that he would like to reconsider his rejection of Norwegian EU membership.

The postwar period

The Labor Party ruled the country throughout the period 1935-65, except for a single month in 63. In the election of 65, the party lost the majority in parliament and the head of the Center Party Per Borten was appointed prime minister. He was forced to resign in 1971 when it was revealed that he had disclosed secret information during negotiations with the EC.

After World War II, Norway decided to give up its neutrality, and in 1949 applied to NATO. In 1952 it became a member of the Nordic Council. In 1960, it became a member of the European Free Trade Association EFTA. The Social Democracy wanted to join the country to the EC, but it was rejected by a referendum for the first time in 1972 and the second time in 1994. Despite the defeat of the EC vote in 72, the Labor Party remained at the forefront of Norwegian politics through the 70s and 80s, in some periods in alliance with Socialist Left Party (SV). In February 81, Odvar Nordli withdrew from the post of prime minister for health reasons and left it to the country’s first female prime minister, Gro Harlem Brundtland.

In 1977, Norway extended its sea limit to 200 km, and delimited an area around Svalbard to protect the fish stock. In both cases the aim was to gain better control over the fishery. Although there are many fish in the sea off Norway, the resources are not exhaustible. Today, less than 1% of the population work in fisheries. In 1981, an agreement was reached with Iceland on fishing rights and mining, but Denmark did not agree to a similar agreement on Greenland., and this conflict had to be decided by the International Court of Justice. In many areas along the coast, fishing is the most important profession. This is especially true in the north, where the climate and the landscape make other production difficult. The fishing industry also employs a significant number of women who would find it difficult to find work in other sectors. The women work predominantly with the processing and processing of the fish.

Since the early 1970s, Norway had been in conflict with the Soviet Union over the rights to the Barents Sea. In 78, a temporary agreement was reached between the two countries designating a “gray zone” to jointly manage the fisheries.

After four years of Conservative government, the Labor Party won the election again in May 1986, and Gro Harlem Brundtland could once again sit on the Prime Minister’s post. She appointed 8 women to her 18-person government. During her reign, a large number of women were appointed to higher positions within the government.

The pollution of rivers and lakes in the southern part of the country in 1986 was attributed to the “acid rain” which resulted from the sulfur dioxide pollution from industries in the UK. The British government declared itself willing to reduce pollution by 14% in the period up to 1997, but the Norwegian government rejected the statement as inadequate. Environmental conservation plays an increasingly important role in the country’s political debate. Authorities created 14 national parks to protect the country’s flora and fauna. At the same time, 40% of the area in Svalbard was transformed into a national park for the protection of polar bears.

Relations with the United States were cooled in 1987 after exports of “heavy water” – used in nuclear reactors – from the state-owned Kongsberg Arms Factory (KV). It was a violation of NATO guidelines that prohibited the sale of heavy water to members of the Warsaw Pactand the Third World. Romania and West Germany had previously exported the water to India, but now undertook, together with Israel, not to resell it without Norwegian permission, and to use it only for peaceful purposes. However, the conflict with the United States was only finally resolved in 1988, when Norway banned any export of “heavy water”. The same year, a new conflict broke out between the two countries when the United States threatened Norway with financial sanctions because of the Norwegian commercial catch of whales. However, it was at the threat when Norway rushed to limit the catch to “the need for scientific study”. In 1990, however, the government in Oslo declared itself ready to resume traditional whaling.

In 1988, fish production declined significantly due to increasing concentration of algae in the south and a rising stock of seals eating the fish. Nevertheless, in 89 Norway was forced to abandon the catch of seal cubs after Switzerland had stopped importing Norwegian fish due to the killings of seal cubs.

“Acid rain” that originated from industries on the Soviet Kola Peninsula and fell in northeastern Norway as well as alleged fires on Soviet nuclear submarines in the Arctic Ocean sparked protests in Norway. In 89, the two countries signed an agreement on the exchange of accident information at sea.

Country data

Area: 323,804 km2 (world ranking: 67)

Residents: 5,282,000

Population density: 16 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 117)

Capital: Oslo

Official languages: Norwegian

Gross domestic product: 353.7 billion euros; Real growth: 1.9%

Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 75,990 US$

Currency: 1 Norwegian krone (nkr) = 100 Øre

Embassy
Royal Norwegian Embassy
Rauchstr. 1, 10787 Berlin
Telephone 030 505058600,
Fax 030 505058601
www.norwegen.no

Government
Head of State: Harald V., Head of Government: Erna Solberg, Outside: Ine Marie Eriksen Søreide

National holiday: 17.5. (Constitution Day)

Administrative divisions
19 provinces

Form of Government
Constitution of 1814
Constitutional monarchy
Parliament (Stortinget) with 169 Members Rank, elections every 4 years.
Voting age 18 years

Population: Norwegians
last 2011 census. 4,979,955 residents
40,000 Samit (Sami) and 10,000 Finns (Kvener)

Cities (with population): Longyearbyen Status 2015: 2060 residents.

Religions: 73% Lutherans, 3% Muslims, 2% Catholics (status: 2006)

Languages: Norwegian; Recognized minority languages: Kven, North Sami, Lule Sami, Skolt Sami, South Sami, Romani

Employees by economic sector:
Agriculture. 2%, industry 19%, business. 79% (2017)

Unemployment (in% of all labor force): 2017: 4.2%

Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 1.9%

Foreign trade: import: 85.5 billion euros (2017); Export: 102.0 billion euros (2017)

Norway Border Map

Climate

Due to the effect of the Gulf Stream, there is a mildly humid climate on the coasts. The precipitation is between 1,121mm and 2,343mm. Inland there are strong daily and seasonal temperature fluctuations. Temperatures in Oslo average -5 ° C in January and 17 ° C in July.