Qatar. According to Countryaah.com, Qatar Independence Day is December 18. A full 96.6% of voters voted on 29 April for the country’s first constitution, which stated that an advisory parliament should be established. Thirty of the 45 members of Parliament will be elected by universal suffrage, with female suffrage, while the rest will be elected by the country’s emir.
The Emir announced on August 5 that his eldest son, Jasim bin Hamad bin Khalifa, would lose his position as Crown Prince. New followers of the throne became another of the emir’s sons, 24-year-old Tanim bin Hamad ath-Thani.
During the Iraq war in March – April, event development was largely controlled by Qatar, where the US had its military headquarters.
On June 10, State Qatar Airways became the first airline to establish a regular air service with Iraq since the 1991 Persian Gulf War.
In October, the oil group Shell agreed with Qatar’s government to build the world’s largest natural gas conversion plant to liquefied fuel, a $ 5 billion deal.
Qatar – Doha
Doha, Arabic ad-Dawḥah, capital of Qatar, located on the eastern side of the Qatar Peninsula on the Persian Gulf; 521,300 residents (2011). Doha is since then a locally important port, and the economy was previously based on fishing, pearl fishing, trade and smuggling. However, the shallow waters and the presence of coral reefs only allowed traffic with smaller vessels.
Since oil began to be mined in 1939, the city has been modernized and grown rapidly. It now extends about 5 km along the coast. A deep harbor was built in the 1970s, and the city has an international airport.
Qatar aims to become a sports center in Asia. Doha has a number of lavish sports facilities and the city has hosted several major sports competitions, including the Asian Games 2006. To the soccer World Cup to be decided in Qatar 2022, several air-conditioned indoor arenas will be built so that the competition can be held in summer.