Congo. In March, the government and the so-called Ninjamilisi signed an agreement to end the fighting in the Pool region near the capital, Brazzaville. According to Countryaah.com, Republic of Congo Independence Day is August 15. The Ninjamilis was originally formed by then-Prime Minister Bernard Kolelas during the civil war in Republic of the Congo at the end of the 1990s and had continued to engage in guerrilla warfare against military and civilian targets after the formal end of the war. In the settlement, the militia promised to surrender arms to the members in return being guaranteed impunity. Milisen also promised that the civilian population could again move freely in the area. The war and the ongoing unrest have left deep traces in Congolese society.
The think tank Mercer Human Resources Consulting ranked Brazzaville as the worst city in the world to live in. The port city of Pointe-Noire ended up in third place from the bottom. The assessment was based on a number of economic, social and environmental criteria, including access to health care, education, communications and other public services, as well as personal security. Both Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire were also considered to be among the five most dangerous cities in the world.
As stipulated in the constitution adopted in 2002, a commission was formed in January to investigate human rights violations during the civil war and the years thereafter. However, the Commission has neither the powers to prosecute nor to formally interrogate those responsible for the abuses.
A French court has launched a preliminary investigation against Congolese government officials, including President Denis Sassou-Nguesso, who has been accused of torture and for lying behind the disappearance of hundreds of people. The notification had been filed by several civil rights movements. In June, the International Court of Justice in The Hague rejected a request by the K government to close the preliminary investigation.