To the south of Rostov-on-Don, 15 km from it is the city of Bataysk. It is famous for its History Museum. The museum contains exhibits from the times of the Civil and Great Patriotic Wars, the memorial Wall of Memory, on which the names of the Batayians who died during the Great Patriotic War are immortalized, as well as exhibits dedicated to ethnography.
According to Allcitycodes, 35 km west of Rostov-on-Don, near the Nedvigovka farm, there is one of the largest historical and archaeological museum-reserves of Russia in the open air – the archaeological museum-reserve “Tanais”. Its area is more than 3000 hectares. The ruins of the ancient Greek city of Tanais, which was founded in the 3rd century BC, were first found in the middle of the 19th century. It existed for almost 7 centuries and was an important trading center through which ancient geographers drew the border between Europe and Asia. The archaeological museum-reserve “Tanais” is an ensemble of monuments of history and culture of different times and peoples from the Paleolithic era to the monuments of residential architecture of the 19th century. The main attraction of the reserve are the excavated sites of the ancient city. There are 5 halls in the museum of the reserve, which tells about the history of Tanais. The city of Azov is located 42 km southwest of Rostov-on-Don. Azak Fortress built here in 1067repeatedly attacked by other states. In the 13th century it was conquered by the Genoese, in the 15th century by the Turks, only during the Russian-Turkish war of 1735-1739 the fortress was recaptured by Russia. To this day, parts of the ancient ramparts have been preserved in Azov. From the ancient defensive structures of the fortress, there was also a moat and Alekseevsky gates, which are cut into the bulk shaft. Their construction dates back to the end of the 17th century. Not far from the ramparts is the Powder Cellar. This is the only surviving fortification of Catherine’s times in the southern part of Russia. The powder magazine was built in 1799. In 1967, to celebrate the 900th anniversary of Azov an exposition and a diorama “The capture of Azov by the troops of Peter I in 1696” was opened here. In addition, the Powder Cellar contains items related to Azov from the era of Peter the Great: ancient tools and monuments of iconography and fine art. In the courtyard of the cellar, you can see a model of a burial mound with authentic Polovtsian stone statues. The Azov Historical, Archaeological and Paleontological Museum-Reserve is interesting in the city. This is one of the largest museums in the southern part of Russia. It tells about the nature and history of the Don region.
For those who do not want to be limited to excursions around the city of Rostov-on-Don, but wants to learn more about the history and sights of the Rostov region, it is worth going to the family nest of the Cossacks – the village of Razdorskaya(100 km northeast of Rostov-on-Don) with the ethnographic museum-reserve Razdorsky, where the ancient peoples of different stone cultures left their traces, Bronze and Iron Ages and the Middle Ages. In the city of Semikarakorsk (137 km northeast of Rostov-on-Don) there is an enterprise for the production of the famous Don faience, which is distinguished by original forms and hand-painted. 168 km northeast of Rostov-on-Don, the city of Belaya Kalitva is interesting.. The local museum of local history tells about the history of the Don region from the times of the ancient world to the present day. It was here that in 1185 the battle of Igor’s army with the Polovtsy took place, in honor of which a memorial sign is now installed on the hill. Practically in every major city of the Rostov region there are local history museums where you can learn about the history of the Cossacks in southern Russia. In the Rostov region, near the capital Veshenskaya, there is the world-famous State Museum-Reserve of Mikhail Alexandrovich Sholokhov. It is located 350 km north of Rostov-on-Don in the homeland of the outstanding Russian writer. The museum has 7 objects, among which are the Sholokhovs’ estate, the estate of M.A. Sholokhov, numerous household Cossack buildings and natural monuments. The expositions of the museum present objects of work and life of the Upper Don Cossacks of the early 20th century, an archaeological collection, as well as unique items that belonged to Sholokhov – the writer’s works in the languages of the peoples of the world, letters and manuscripts.
To the south of Rostov-on-Don, there are two specially protected natural areas – Lake Manych-Gudilo and Veselovskoye Reservoir, which are wetlands with unique flora and fauna. Here, on the territory of 9.5 thousand hectares , the RostovskyState Nature Reserve is located.. It was founded in 1995 to protect the few surviving areas of indigenous steppe vegetation, as well as part of the Manych-Gudilo Lake wetland, which is a place of massive nesting, molting and migratory accumulations of waterfowl, including rare ones (pink and curly pelican, red-throated goose, black-headed gull). Of the rare plants in the reserve, Zalessky’s feather grass, Schrenk’s tulip and colchicum are noted, etc. The territory of the reserve is confined to the Ergeninsky artesian basin with highly mineralized sulfate, bicarbonate-calcium and chloride-sodium waters, which are recommended for drinking treatment. The reserve consists of 4 sections. Tourists are offered two bus and walking routes – “Mysteries of the Manych Valley” and “Azure Flower”.
The Rostov region is a great place for lovers of hunting and fishing. The best time for fishing is spring and autumn. In the Don River you can catch such fish as vimba, herring, shemaya, pike perch, ram, pike, perch, hybrid, chub, asp, catfish, burbot, roach, rudd, bream, gudgeon, ruff and carp. The established catch rate is no more than 3 kg of fish per day per person. The fishing ban is valid during the spawning season – from April 1 to May 31. In the Rostov region, hunting for the main types of birds, ungulates and fur animals is allowed. The terms during which hunting is allowed are set strictly for each individual species of animals or birds.