Solomon Islands Border Map

Yearbook 2003

Solomon Islands. According to, Solomon Islands Independence Day is July 7. The continued violence between armed groups in the Solomon Islands led to an Australian-led regional peace force of over 2,200 men being sent to the islands in July with the task of disarming militia groups and stopping the influx of illegal weapons. Soon, the Malayan eagle force was ready to lay down its weapons. The group had been behind a coup in 2000 and then dominated the capital.

A breakthrough occurred when warlord Harold Keke, leader of the Guadalcanal Liberation Front’s rebel group, surrendered in August and surrendered to the peace force. Keke was accused of, among other things, the murders of seven missionaries killed in captivity by his rebels. When a deadline expired in August, close to 3,000 weapons had been submitted, but it was believed that several thousand were still in operation. Australian Prime Minister John Howard then made a visit to the Solomon Islands. traditionally equipped warriors who made a pretend attack. He was also welcomed by schoolchildren who carried placards with the text “Thank you Uncle Howard”.

Country data

Area: 28,896 km2 (world ranking: 140)

Population: 611,000

Population density: 21 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 164)

Capital: Honiara

Official languages: English

Gross domestic product: 1.3 billion US $; Real growth: 3.2%

Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): 1920 US$

Currency: 1 Solomon Islands dollar (SI $) = 100 cents


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Head of State: Elizabeth II, Prime Minister: Rick Houenipwela, Exterior: George Milner Tozaka

National Holiday: 7.7.

Administrative structure
9 provinces and capital

State and form of government
Constitution of 1978
Parliamentary monarchy (in the Commonwealth)
Parliament (National Parliament) with 50 members, election every 4 years.
Suffrage from 21 years.

Population: Solomon, last census 2009: 515,870 residents.
95% Melanesians, 3% Polynesians, 1% Micronesians; also European and Chinese

Cities (with population): (as of 2009) Honiara 64,609 residents, Tandai Ward (Guadalcanal) 10,605, Auki 5105

Religions: 32% Anglicans, 20% Catholics, 17% South Sea Evangelical Church, 12% Adventists, 10% Methodists, 5% autochthonous cults; Minorities of Muslims, Baha’i etc. (as of 2006)

Languages: English, Pidgin-English (Neo-Solomonian); around 80 Melanesian and Polynesian languages Employed

By economic sector: No information

Unemployment (in% of all economically active persons)
No information

Inflation rate (in%): 2017: -0.4%

Foreign trade: Import: 530 million US $ (2017); Export: US $ 460 million (2017)


Always humid tropical climate. The tropical climate is tempered by the ocean. The air temperatures on the coasts are fairly constant over the year and vary between 28 ° C and 32 ° C. The water temperatures are between 23 ° C and 28 ° C. The annual rainfall is between 3000 and 5000 mm, the rainy season is between December and March. Frequent passage of tropical cyclones.

Solomon Islands Border Map