Sights in South Africa

Drakensberg, South Africa

The culture of South Africa is incredibly diverse due to the many different African tribes, the influence of the European settlers and the high proportion of the foreign population. The most diverse influences have come together here to form an unmistakably South African mixture. Depending on the region, the African, or the Indian, Dutch, English or French influence dominates. But no matter where, the cosmopolitan trend is unmistakable. There are…

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ILO – International Labor Organization

ILO - International Labor Organization

The structure The ILO consists of three different parts: the International Labor Conference, the Board and the International Labor Office. All have a unique three-tier structure for the ILO, with each Member State represented by representatives of the government, employers and workers. The International Labor Conference is the ILO’s highest decision – making body, which, among other things, adopts conventions and recommendations and approves the budget. The Labor Conference meets…

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World Bank History

World Bank History

The emergence The World Bank lends money and provides technical support to developing countries, with the aim of helping them reduce poverty. According to computergees, the World Bank is a collective name for two institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). The guidelines for the IBRD were drawn up at the Bretton Woods Conference in July 1944. The main purpose of the…

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The 10 largest sandy deserts in the world

the Rub al-Chali

The sandy desert conveys to the viewer the typical image of a desert, which consists of sand and sand dunes and in which, of course, the sun shines relentlessly from a cloudless sky. Only about 20% of all deserts on earth consist of fine quartz sand, which has shaped our image of a desert in so many films and documentaries. Here are the ten largest sandy deserts in the world…

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The 10 largest cities in China

Sichuan city of Chengdu

The 10 largest cities in China together have more inhabitants than Germany, Austria and Switzerland as a whole. Some of these giant Chinese cities, like Beijing and Shanghai, are world famous, while most Europeans may not even be known by name. What the top cities in China have in common is that they can guarantee you unforgettable impressions of vibrant communities when you visit them. Shanghai (Shanghai) With around 23…

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England Population and Cities

England Population

A visit to the capital of England and Great Britain must be considered separately. Along with New York, London is one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world. With a population of over 7 million, London is incredibly ethnically diverse, with more than 300 languages ​​spoken. Modern multicultural London seems to have it all: historic monuments, tourist attractions on every corner and a huge variety of restaurants, entertainment, art…

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Travelers Questions and Answers about Gibbon

The white-handed gibbon monkey

Does the gibbon really sing? Yes, gibbon monkeys are the monkey species that sing the most of all monkey species. However, it is not an accident that gibbon monkeys are equipped with a singing voice, on the contrary. Gibbon monkeys are endowed with an extremely beautiful singing voice that has two purposes. Every morning when the sun rises, one can hear the sound of the gibbon monkey’s singing voice over…

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Kosovo Recent History

Josip Broz Tito

World wars On June 28, 1914 Gavrilo Princip murdered the Austrian heir to the throne Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, whereupon Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia and the First World War took its course. During the war Kosovo was occupied by troops from Bulgaria and Austria-Hungary, which also meant the withdrawal of the Serbian “occupiers”. The Austrian military administration was viewed favorably by the Kosovar Albanians, not least because they founded…

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The Spectrum of Cambodia Parties

Cambodia political issues

After the parliamentary elections in 2013, Cambodia had developed from a multi-party to a two-party system, but is now de facto a one-party system. According to, the Cambodian People’s Party (CPP), which was founded in June 2015 by Hun Sen after the death of long-time party president Chea Simhas ruled the country since 1979 and dominates Cambodia’s politics more than ever. The CPP derives its legitimacy primarily from its…

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Cala Galdana – One of Menorca’s Best Travel Destinations

Cala Galdana - one of Menorca's best travel destinations

The small resort of Cala Galdana is located on the lower coast of Menorca in the western part of the island. The place is considered one of the most popular tourist destinations on the island and is especially suitable for families with children or couples who want to go on a quiet love holiday. Cala Galdana has a number of hotels, restaurants and bars as well as a few shops,…

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Climate and Weather in Bulgaria

Bulgaria tips

Are you planning a vacation in Bulgaria ? A good choice, because the holiday destination on the Black Sea is perfect for every vacationer! You can go to the beautiful beaches and relax in the sun. Sunny Beach and Golden Sands are among the most popular places for a beach holiday as well as for unforgettable parties. But a vacation in Bulgaria awaits you with many other highlights. The diversity…

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Travel to South America

Travel to Bolivia

Travel to Suriname Suriname, formally the Republic of Suriname, is a state in northern South America on the Atlantic. According to, the country borders Brazil, Guyana and French Guiana and is South America’s smallest independent country. A large part of Suriname is overgrown with tropical rainforest and there is a very rich flora and fauna. Suriname, along with neighboring Guyana, is the only nation on the American mainland that…

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Chinese pearls

Chinese pearls

On this trip you get to experience the real gems of China! We begin the journey in the world city of Beijing, where we see, among other things, the Forbidden City, the Temple of Heaven, the Summer Palace and the impressive Great Wall of China. Then we continue to the ancient imperial city of Xi’an, where we see the beautiful Wild Goose Pagoda, as well as the world’s eighth wonder,…

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Hotels in South Korea

Andong Richell Hotel

Andong Richell Hotel Andong As a luxury space well harmonized with the nature, tradition, and the present Located in Andong, Gyeongsangbuk-do, Richell Hotel thinks of its customers as a family and offers the best service that is more luxurious and sophisticated than existing hotel services,We are doing our best to realize customer impressions. The rooms of the Richell Hotel are designed to meet the needs of the guests and the…

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Travel With Family in Krabi

Eating in Thailand

Krabi is one of Thailand’s best destinations for families and is suitable for both families with children and those with teenage offspring. Krabi, especially Ao Nang, is a popular place to spend a holiday, but there are other good areas like Noppharat Thara and Railay. The city of Krabi is an absolute place to shop, go for a meal and explore its seafront promenade, from where you can also take…

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Sardinia Travel Guide


Sardinia charms with its scenery. The white sandy beaches and spectacular cliffs of Sardinia are a different piece of Italy. Sardinian dishes can often be enjoyed without congestion. The island is known for its dream beaches, breathtaking scenery and wide range of activities, but the number of tourists in Sardinia is not yet high. Large in area, dense in atmosphere Although Sardinia may not be one of the most famous islands in…

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Bled Travel Guide


Picturesque Bled is one of the most amazing destinations in Slovenia. Calm lake scenery, green mountain slopes and a peaceful small town atmosphere – Slovenian Bled is ideal for travelers looking for nature experiences and a relaxing holiday. Bled is one of the most popular holiday destinations in Slovenia. The landscape is like a postcard and the surrounding Julian Alps offer great hiking and trekking opportunities for both beginners and…

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Auckland Travel Guide


Auckland is a green and comfortable city destination. Auckland, New Zealand’s largest city, can’t boast great attractions, but the greenery and cozy atmosphere make many fall in love with this multicultural city. The maritime city is delightful According to DigoPaul, Auckland is located in the northern part of the North Island of New Zealand. The sea surrounds the city from many directions, and many of Auckland’s attractions are connected in…

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Zimbabwe 2003

Zimbabwe Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Zimbabwe. According to, Zimbabwe Independence Day is April 18. There was no end to Zimbabwe’s political and economic chaos. At the end of the year, the inflation rate exceeded 600%, and more than 70% of the adult population lacked work. The country left the Commonwealth in protest of continued suspension because of irregularities in the 2002 presidential election and was threatened by exclusion from the International Monetary…

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Zambia 2003

Zambia Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Zambia. President Levy Mwanawasa pledged in January to step up the fight against corruption and appointed renowned economist Mark Chona as campaign general. One of the victims of the litigation was Defense Minister Michael Mabenga, who was deprived of his seat by the Supreme Court for using state funds in his election campaign. He was thus also forced to leave the government. Mwanawasa himself was also accused of…

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Yemen 2003

Yemen Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Yemen. According to, Yemen Independence Day is November 30. The governing party of the General People’s Congress passed from 187 to 238 seats in the parliamentary elections on April 27. The largest opposition party, the Islamist Yemeni Reform Alliance (al-Islah) took 46 of the House’s 301 seats. The turnout was 76%. Seven people were killed in fire fighting in connection with the election. The opposition accused the…

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Western Sahara 2003

Western Sahara Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Western Sahara. The UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1495 on support for the peace plan presented by UN envoy James Baker to V. According to the plan, V. would gain autonomy in Morocco for a number of years, after which a referendum on the future of the territory would be held. The Western Sahara Independence Movement Polisario accepted the plan as a starting point for negotiations. However, the…

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Vietnam 2003

Vietnam Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Vietnam. According to, Vietnam Independence Day is September 2. A mass trial was held during the year in Hô Chi Minh City against 155 people, especially from the lower world of Vietnam. Among the defendants were the infamous Mafia leader Truong Văn Cam, aka Nam Cam, but also previously high ranking media, police, judiciary and the ruling Communist Party. The trial began in February, and a month…

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Venezuela 2003

Venezuela Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Venezuela. In early February, the two-month protest strike against President Hugo Chávez was in effect over, and it became a legitimate failure for the opposition. According to, Venezuela Independence Day is July 5. The government managed to keep the state oil company PDVSA’s production running despite the strike. However, the political tug of war between the heavily criticized Chávez and the opposition, which is coordinated by the…

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Vatican City 2003

Vatican City Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Vatican City. In April, Pope John Paul II attacked “liberal practices” around communion. The Pope forbade Catholics and Protestants from taking Catholic communion together, and he emphasized in the same document that only clergy can give the Catholic Communion. In addition, remarried people would be excluded from the sacrament. Country data Area: 0.44 km2 (world ranking: 196) Residents: 800 1818 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 196)…

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Vanuatu 2003

Vanuatu Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Vanuatu. In May, the OECD removed Vanuatu from the black list of tax havens since the country improved its control over its tax system. In November, Prime Minister Edward Natapei of Vanuaaku Pati (VP) disbanded the government coalition that has ruled the country since April 2001. According to, Vanuatu Independence Day is July 30. The Union of Moderate Parties (UMP) was forced to leave the government and…

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Uzbekistan 2003

Uzbekistan Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Uzbekistan. According to, Uzbekistan Independence Day is September 1. The World Bank declared in a report during the year that living standards and economic growth in Uzbekistan were poorer than in almost all other countries of the former Soviet Union. The bank urged Uzbekistan to remove trade barriers, phase out central planning and create a business-friendly economic climate. During the year, Uzbekistan implemented some liberalizations, including a…

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Uruguay 2003

Uruguay Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Uruguay. According to, Uruguay Independence Day is August 25. The year was dominated by the aftermath of the severe economic crisis in 2002, which was the result of the crisis in Argentina. However, Uruguay was considered to have escaped the “Argentine infection” quite well. But 2003 became the fifth consecutive year of economic recession and the economy was expected to shrink, although modest growth was recorded for…

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United States 2003

United States Border Map

Yearbook 2003 USA. At the beginning of the year, the United States continued to seek to join the United Nations and its NATO allies in the plans for military intervention against Iraq. But in his annual speech to the nation in January, President George W. Bush made it clear that he did not necessarily intend to await “other people’s decisions” on the issue. In February, an attempt was made to…

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United Kingdom 2003

United Kingdom Border Map

Yearbook 2003 UK. According to, United Kingdom Independence Day is June 4. The political debate was dominated by the IraqThe ruling Labor Party was divided as to whether a military intervention against Iraq was necessary. Prime Minister Tony Blair advocated a tough line with reference to the threat of Iraqi weapons of mass destruction. However, large parts of the party felt that a possible attack would occur only if…

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United Arab Emirates 2003

United Arab Emirates Border Map

Yearbook 2003 United Arab Emirates. According to, United Arab Emirates Independence Day is December 2. The new TV channel al-Arabiyya began broadcasting in February from the United Arab Emirates in an attempt to compete with the Qatar-based al-Jazira on Arab viewers. al-Arabiyya also became a frequently cited source during and after the US war in Iraq. Sheikh Saqr ibn Muhammad al-Qasimi, emir of the emirate Ras al-Khayma, in June…

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Ukraine 2003

Ukraine Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Ukraine. Prior to the war on Iraq, the US reconsidered its policy towards Ukraine at the beginning of the year. According to, Ukraine Independence Day is August 24. This happened after reports that Ukraine had sold the advanced radar system Koltjuga to Iraq. Ukraine denied the information, but the US did not allow itself to be convinced. to allow some aid to go to private projects in…

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Uganda 2003

Uganda Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Uganda. Following discussions between church leaders and the rebel movement The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) in the northern parts of Uganda, the LRA announced unilateral ceasefire in some districts in March. According to, Uganda Independence Day is October 9. The government responded by canceling all efforts on the part of the army to enable mediator contacts with the LRA. After a few weeks, however, the army was…

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Tuvalu 2003

Tuvalu Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Tuvalu. According to, Tuvalu Independence Day is October 1. Parliament was closed almost all year after a prolonged struggle between the government and the opposition for the 15 seats. In February, the President of Parliament, who had belonged to the government side, passed away. In a general election in May, the government lost a mandate and thus lost its majority in Parliament. The opposition demanded that Parliament…

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Turkmenistan 2003

Turkmenistan Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Turkmenistan. In January, 46 people were sentenced to prison sentences accused of trying to assassinate President Saparmurat Nijazov the year before. The trial was held behind closed doors and followed for several weeks by arrests and recognitions in front of TV cameras. Just before the turn of the year, the former Foreign Minister and later opposition leader Boris Sjichmuradov had been sentenced to life imprisonment accused of participation…

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Turkey 2003

Turkey Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Turkey. Parliament decided during the year on comprehensive democratic reforms, most of which were devoted to satisfying the EU’s requirements for opening membership negotiations with the country. According to, Turkey Independence Day is October 29. The way was prepared for schooling and broadcast media in Kurdish, it became possible to redo trials rejected by the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) and revised the current legal definition…

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Tunisia 2003

Tunisia Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Tunisia. Authorities continued to strike at people suspected of violating the country’s Internet legislation. According to, Tunisia Independence Day is March 20. Twenty young men were arrested in February accused of surfing on banned sites, e.g. one belonging to the Islamist party Nahda. Journalist Zuhayr Yahyawi, who was sentenced to two years in prison in 2002 for running the government-critical website, was awarded the Cyber ​​Freedom…

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Trinidad and Tobago 2003

Trinidad and Tobago Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Trinidad and Tobago. According to, Trinidad and Tobago Independence Day is August 31. 71-year-old former university lecturer George Maxwell Richards was elected in February as new president of parliament. Richards, who was the government’s candidate, won the opposition candidate, banker Ganace Ramdial. The same month, The Mirror’s daily newspaper was stormed after employees were taken hostage by a radical Islamist group. One month earlier, The Trinidad Express…

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Tonga 2003

Tonga Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Tonga. In February, the government banned continued import – and thus publishing – of the Democratic Movement’s Times of Tonga, which is printed in New Zealand and published in Tonga twice a week. According to the government, the newspaper is not allowed because it tries to overthrow the government and is published by a foreign national – Kalafi Moala, a US citizen born in Tonga. Shortly before the…

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Togo 2003

Togo Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Togo. According to, Togo Independence Day is April 27. Nestorn among African heads of state, Gnassingbé Eyadéma, was re-elected in June once again as Togo’s president, 36 years after he took power in a military coup. Eyadéma received about 57% of the vote since the only dangerous challenger, Gilchrist Olympio, had refused to stand. According to Togo’s electoral law of 2002, a presidential candidate must have lived…

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Thailand 2003

Thailand Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Thailand. In January, around 700 Thais were evacuated from Cambodia since Thai anti-aircraft riots erupted there. A number of Thai companies were vandalized at an estimated cost of up to SEK 200 million. According to, Thailand Independence Day is December 5. The reason for the Cambodians’ anger towards the neighboring country was a Thai actor’s careless statement that the Cambodian national clan, the Angkor Vat Temple, was…

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Tanzania 2003

Tanzania Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Tanzania. In November, the EU pledged € 114 million in budget support over the next two years in recognition of the economic reforms implemented in Tanzania. According to, Tanzania Independence Day is December 9. The money will mainly be used to finance basic education, primary health care, HIV/AIDS prevention, agriculture, rural road construction, water supply and a strengthening of the justice system. In May’s election election on…

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Tajikistan 2003

Tajikistan Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Tajikistan. According to, Tajikistan Independence Day is September 9. Russian President Vladimir Putin visited Tajikistan in April, explaining that Moscow wanted to increase its military presence in the country, to which President Imomali Rachmonov was positive. Putin said he had information on increased activity from Taliban and al-Qa’ida supporters in Afghanistan. Russia has 19,000 soldiers in Tajikistan and 11,000 of them patrol the border with Afghanistan, where…

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Taiwan 2003

Taiwan Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Taiwan. According to, Republic of China/Taiwan Independence Day is October 10. The relationship with China, which regards Taiwan as a breakaway republic, remained tense even though the ties were made between the countries. In January, China Airlines made its first flight from Taiwan to China since 1949, when the Communist Party took power in China. On board the plane, which flew via Hong Kong because direct flights…

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Syria 2003

Syria Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Syria. After the parliamentary elections March 2-3, the distribution of seats remained unchanged. The Bath Party and its six allies in the National Progressive Front received 167 of the 250 seats. Other mandates went to independent candidates. According to, Syria Independence Day is April 17. The turnout was 64%. On September 10, President Bashar al-Asad appointed Parliament’s President Muhammad Naji al-Otari as new Prime Minister. He replaced…

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Sweden Agriculture

Sweden Border Map

Agriculture The agricultural land constitutes just under 7 percent of Sweden’s entire land area; In 2018, 2.5 million hectares of arable land and close to 4.5 million hectares of pasture land (including meadows). Agriculture accounts for 1.2 percent of employment, only 0.5 percent of GDP and 5 percent of goods exports. Imports are significantly larger than exports and the surplus of imports has increased for almost every year. This applies…

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Switzerland 2003

Switzerland Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Switzerland. With the parliamentary elections in October, Switzerland took a clear step to the right and the composition of the Standing Collective Government changed for the first time in 44 years. According to, Switzerland Independence Day is August 1. The major winner of the election became the right-wing populist SVP (Schweizerische Volkspartei), which with its xenophobic and EU-skeptical message received support from 27% of voters. This meant…

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Suriname 2003

Suriname Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Suriname. According to, Suriname Independence Day is November 25. A diplomatic crisis in relations with Guyana occurred in January when a newly published official map showed the so-called New River Triangle at the upper Corantijn River as part of Surinam’s territory. The border commission and the cooperation council formed by the two countries to create better relations canceled their meetings. However, negotiations have also been held on…

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Sudan 2003

Sudan Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Sudan. For much of the year, no significant progress was reached in the detailed negotiations on the peace agreement that the government and the South Sudanese guerrilla SPLA agreed in principle in 2002. But the ceasefire was respected, and in September, the SPLA leader John Garang and Vice President Ali Uthman Taha sat in intensive deliberations. with the promise not to give up until they have reached concrete…

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Sri Lanka 2003

Sri Lanka Border Map

Yearbook 2003 Sri Lanka. Despite occasional violations of the ceasefire, there was strong optimism that the peace process initiated in 2002 would result in a lasting peace agreement between the government and the Tamil guerrilla Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). In March, however, the negotiations began to harden after the Navy had sunk one of the guerrillas. After promises of increased Japanese financial assistance and expanded Scandinavian surveillance of…

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